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Cosmic Conspiracy: 

Six Decades 
of Government UFO 
Cover-ups, Part I 

By Dennis Stacy 
The firsl of si 


Exposing the myth of psychic privilege 

By Keith Harary 

Disseminating propagar- 
rational thinking with 
seemingly plausible lies. I was a 
teenager when I first believed 
the lie that there was something 
about me of anybody else that 
could properly t ' 
chic." A part of me relt sick whan 

way I felt when I smoked my first 
cigarette. There was something 
compelling and forbidden about 
the experience, and something I 
also knew could eventually do 

"To label anyone 
a psychic Is 
tv tie i iv the limits 
el dui under- 
standing and pre- 
tend la hare 
reliable answers 
to quasi ions 
thai have vet lo 
be asked." 

slaughter— I was naive, search- 
ing for something meaningful to 
do with my life. More than that. I 
was about to becorro a p-ocs 
ganda magnet. The apriority fig 

chic" to explain my pencr-iance 

in a parapsychology o*peii 
I did not yet know enough 
the politics of parapsycnoiogy to 
realize that those who present 
themselves as authorities often 
are entrapped within their own 

competence is not the only coin 
of the realm in the field. 

Propaganda is infectious. 

in psychologi 

psychology experiments. I 
cannot point to any evidence 
indicating that humanity can 

tween psychics and nonpsy- 
chics. Having once believed 
the lie about myself. I finally 

tinue to find myself cast in the 
role Of a psycnic charac;i 
other people s n'yToloai 
find myself described as i 
chic in many recent parap: 

my objections. One such author 
privately encouraged me to pro- 
mote myself as a psychic, saying 
that by rejecting the concept, I 

money. I also find 
myself credited in print with be- 
liefs and accomplishments that 
have no basis in fact. Propagan- 

questionable tests of psyc 
powers to the public. 

The popular concept t 

called psychic abilities, wh 
are not directly related to ot 

Whether you believe in the exist- 
ence of these supposedly extra- 
ordinary people or believe those 
who claim to be psychic are de- 
luded or fraudulent is irrelevant. 

a .iriety ol inner experiences 
from your concept of normal 
'■■.■■ anity. That den al diminishes 
s of your own ooiarnal. 
■ '. ?is the sales of c " 

not know enough about the 
underlying structure of reality to 
conclude that the laws of nature 

likely that we do not fully under- 

sufficiently explored the inner- 
most boundaries of perception, 
communication, and intelligence. 
We cannot conclude that some- 
thing impossible is happening 
simply because we do not com- 
prehend all the subtle and com- 
plicated ways In which the mind 
processes information. 
That tr 


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(eve Naae. Olfloes: 1965 Broadway.' New 'rwk, N 

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Surpassing the spoken word, tourist attractions, 

and the right to be frozen 

New World Model 

Will they find the lop quark ["The Lasl 
Greal Experiment," January 1994]? Prob- 
ably not. Does il matter? Yes. After count- 
less millions have been spent smash- 
ing atoms logether at high speeds, sci- 

standard model. The one constant in all 
the heavens is the force of motion. It is 
the only singular force and it is the pre- 
requisite to all others. Wouldn't it be in- 
teresting if motion iiseif were the funda- 
mental quanta of nature? The roadblock 
] lop quark is giving 

n effectively b 
;h of apei 

3, for 

the physic: 
I i persists, physicists v. 
(heir imagination:-; ngair 
stretch beyond the bounc 
views held today. 

Stiff Prospects 

If Cryonics ["Please Freeze Me," Janu- 
ary 1994] catches on, we must consid- 
er what the future might hold for the 
stiffs. After all, perhaps a Ihousand 
years from now, who will be responsi- 
ble for defrosting these icemen? Who 
will accept the responsibility for provid- 
ing social resources for hordes of "ter- 
mina'ly" iil and (certainly by then] woe- 
fully ignorant, undereducated humans? 
A few for novelty science research and 
historical clarification might be wel- 
come, but what if freezing should be- 
come a basic legal right? And what if 
' i thawed for 
only 98 

When we interpret £ 
visualise what we are taking in, wheth- 
er it is by feet or by sound. Dolphin; 
on the other hand, having developed sc 
nar, are able to take advantage of the 
very things Kramer is trying to make hap- 
pen for humans. Imagine being able to 
not only tell some 
dy is pregnant, bui describe Ihe 
length, size, and approximate health ol 
the fetus without using any kind of 
chinery. You simply say, "Bleep," and 
everything is perfectly understood. 

John F. Palermo 
Round Bock, TX 

Wrong Eye 

Ms. Dobkin de Rios [First Word, Janu 
ary 1994) writes from the standpoint of 
the "armchair adventurer," obviously hav- 
ing never even been to the Amazon re 
gion let alone had any personal expe 
rience with ayahuasca. Learning from 
the mistakes of their neighbors in Bra- 
zil. Peruvian natives throughout th 

prises that do not destroy their natural 
habitat and which can be indefinitely 
sustainable; tourism and sightsee' 
the bill perfectly. And while I'm 
there are unscrupulous people in th 
azon passing themselves off as 
mans, making "mixtures of 13 or more 
different psychedelic plants." they're 
not the ones who should be broad 

percent of tt 

stic? Who you gonna sue? 
Ronald A. Schmidt 
Garland. TX 

I commend Gregory Kramer [Art 'ca in- 
telligence, January 1994] ami the 
NCSA for their combhed e : io 
Ihe development of new ways of trans 
mining complex masses of Information 
to the human m n-ci ■.-.i the nurj 
es. However, I'm afraid the effort s wast- 
ed upon our species. As Robin Bar gar 

Got si 


le? Call (900) 2B5-5483. Your 
comments will be recorded and may 
Appear in an upcoming issue of 
Omji: The cost for the call is 95 
cc"ts per minute. You must be age 
18 or older. Touch-tone phones on- 
, Sponsored by Pure Entertain- 
ment P.O. Box 166, Hollywood, 
C.i ifomia 90078. 


Omni's inquiry into the UFO phenomenon 

By Keith Ferrell 

Project Open 
Book is Omni's 
aimed at clear- 
ing the UFO 
phenomenon of 
false information, 
and groundless 

'his is a special issue of 
Omni, one that's likely to 
be controversial, and is 
frankly designed to be provoca- 
tive. Our subject is alleged alien 
presence in our skies and 
among our population, and the 
possibility of government cover- 
ups both here and abroad of 
alien spacecraft and beings. Our 
approach is uniquely Omni. 

It's time, we feel, to clear the 
air about UFOs, close encoun- 
ters of any kind, abductions, and 
all the kinds and classes 
of alleged extraterrestrial — or 

extradimensional or extratempo- 
ral — visitation. To open the topic 
to the hard light of rational scien- 
tific and journalistic inquiry. 

We are not speaking of tabloid 
sensationalism or special-effects 
wish fulfillment. No E.T. No 
supermarket flying saucers. 

It's a simple question. Is there 
evidence of alien presence on 
Earth, and have governments 
suppressed that evidence? We 
can answer that, can't we? 

The essence of science is 
skepticism; the watchword of the 
scientific method is proof. 

Hearsay and rumor — which run 
rife in the UFO community — 
don't count. What's required for a 
scientific investigation is evi- 
dence, documentation, fact. All 
of which are in short supply in 
the UFO phenomenon. 

At the heart of the phenome- 
non, fueling many of the stories, 
lies consistent and unfortunate 
government mishandling of 
alleged encounter investigations. 
(Not just our government: Read 
Jim Oberg's look at Russian UFO 
research in this issue.) Whether 
there are or aren't any encoun- 
ters, the government's posture 
has been to classify and confuse 
its research, leading to an envi- 
ronment perfect for paranoia. 

And paranoia is so appealing, 
so romantic. There is an aura 
of mystery, of secrets we're 
not allowed to apprehend, of 
cover-ups and conspiracies. It's 
so easy to assume someone else 
is in control. 

It's time for the secrecy to end. 
It's time for us to take control. 

That's why Omni is inaugurat- 
ing, with this issue, Project Open 
Book. If its name reminds you in 
some ways of the government's 
long-suspended Project Blue 
Book, that's not by accident. 

Put simply, Project Open Book 
is Omni's effort to provide a 
clearinghouse for hard, docu- 
mented information about alien 
encounters, and especially about 
government cover-ups of alleged 
encounters. Omni is ready to 
take a look, hopeful of arriving at 
some answers. 

One way or the other. We have 
no ax to grind; we do not 
approach the topic as "true 
believers" nor do we dismiss the 
possibility of extraterrestrial pres- 
ence out of hand. For better or 
worse, we are willing to examine 
the question seriously, to investi- 
gate worthwhile reports, to share 
the information with our readers 

and the world. An Open Book. 

The Project starts now. We 
start by laying the historical 
groundwork. This issue, we 
begin a multipart series that will, 
month by month, look back at the 
leading stories of alleged cover- 
ups over the past half century. 
Beyond that, we'll look toward 
the future, toward avoiding or 
overcoming the confusion and 
misinformation that too often sur- 
round UFO materials. 

We also provide you with the 
tools to seek information on your 
own. Check out the "Freedom 
Fighters Handbook" this month, 
and add your voice to those call- 
ing for government files to be 
opened to public scrutiny. 

You're part of this. We wel- 
come your submissions to 
Project Open Book. If you have 
evidence — evidence that can be 
backed up, supported, and con- 
firmed six ways from Sunday — 
send it to Omni: Project Open 
Book, 324 West Wendover 
Avenue, Suite 205, Greensboro, 
North Carolina, 27408, or join us 
in the new Project Open Book 
section of Omni Online, available 
through America Online, where 
you will be able to post your sto- 
ries, engage in debates, and 
add your voice to the mix. 

Send copies of your materials, 
and keep the originals in a safe 
place. While we promise to treat 
submissions with respect, we 
cannot guarantee their return, 
nor can we guarantee a re- 
sponse to every submission we 

We do guarantee that submis- 
sions able to stand up to the 
scrutiny of scientific and journal- 
istic investigation will be shared 
with the world. 

Together, we can put an end 
to the foolishness that surrounds 
this fascinating topic. 

Welcome to Project Open 
Book. DO 

10 OMNI 



Immense simulations model billions of years of cosmic evolution 

By Steve Nadis 

only off by a 

evolution Horn mil- 
lions of years 
alter Ihe Big Bang 

COM model « 
factor of two. T 
experiment with other types of 
dark matter until the picture the 
computer spifs out is 
with that produced by as- 
""gently mapping 

model that has 
lertschinger most 
excited is based on "mixed /dark 

darings of 23 million pi 

Even though the interactions are calculations of Bertschinger and 

based on simple laws of gravity 

" iv that CDM 

three centuries ago, the resultanl may. in fact, be adjusted to 
motions are complex and often account for these mammoth con- 
counterintuitive, gtomerates. But then individual 

B i j r C ;,,:. ■ 1 1 1 " i: j .- - ■ -Vld -ll-'ir-;.' oiroi'S 

are focusing on one of the cen- 
tral problems of cosmology: how. 


!. The picture 

the Big Bang, matter came to largest and smallest scales. 

arrange itself in the patterns Cosmologists wouldn't have 

strings of galaxies, galaxy clus- computer simulations, explains 
ters, and clusters of clusters, University of Toronto astrophysi- 
separated by giant voids, cist Nick Kaiser, because the 

problems. On the ot 
problem may lie wil 

"simulating th 

a very tricky business." 

While Bertschinger acknowl- 
edges that there are limits to 
what we can glean from simula- 
tions alone, he's confident that 

out. "Although I'm pessimistic 
about CDM. I'm optimistic by 



Bargain prices on everything from cars to the Coral Sea 

By Linda Marsa 


Neiman Marcus Christmas cat- 
alog. Inventory runs the gamut 
from cars, office furnishings, jew- 
els, ambulances, Rolex watches, 

ers, military jeeps, NASA tracking 
systems, and the aircraft carrier 
Coral Sea. 
With a little luck and legwork. 

shrewd shoppers can get good 

And for backyard inventors, the 
chance to comb through: leftcve's 
from government labor ax 1, ci car 

neyland. "Some Trekkies snap up 
every electronic gizmo in sight," 
says Bill Tesfi, chief of sales for 
the General Services Administra- 
tion (GSA). "One even used gov- 
ernment surplus to outfit his 
truck like the starshrp Enterprise." 
The GSA, for instance, sells 

laboratory equipment like micrc 
scopes, centrifuges, and sign; 
generators; office furniture; corr 
puters; electronic gear; and mor- 
than 40,000 used autos a year. 

Other federal agencies like th 
Resolution Trust Corporatio 
hoi;: ou:"ji.c sales to 

and raw land from foreclosures 
and failed SSL's. The U.S. Post- 
al Service unloads goods— teie- 

;. CDs 

claimed packages. The Depart- 
ment of Defense would be happy 
to sell you, among other things, 
your very own DC-10. And the 
DEA, the Customs Service, the 
U.S. Marshals, and the IRS ped- 
dle contraband confiscated from 
drug lords, crime bosses, and tax 

Though streel-level drug deal- 
ers tend to adorn themselves 
wifh gaudy baubles, crime king- 
pins' tastes are decidedly up- 
scale. They collect expensive an- 
tiques, art— an Impressionist paint- 
ing seized from a money launder- 
er recently fetched $136,000— 
and rare coins. "Drug dealers like 

transport," says Dean Echols of 


■ Ali:!:c 

which handles many government 

airport with $500,000 worfh of 
coins in your pocket and no one 
will suspect." 

But don't expect to pick up a 
Porsche for $100 or a yacht for 
$200. since professional buyers 

valued items. And don't think you 
can outsmart the pros. "Amateurs 
can get good deals if they're care- 
ful," says Echols, "but they're not 
going to steal anything." 

Do take advantage of the in- 
spection period beforehand, 
usually on the previous 

merchandise and then figure out 
what comparable items would 
cost if they were being sold re- 
tail. To avoid getting swept up in 
bidding fever — and overpaying 
for something you don't really 
want— determine exactly what 
you want to buy and how much 
you intend to spend, and stick to 

one auction as an observer just 
to get a feel for the action. "Take 
no money," advises Tesh, "and 
keep your hands in your pocket." 
Remember, all sales are final. 
Once you've made a winning bid, 
you're obligated to buy the prop- 
erty; the feds won't show much 
sympathy it you're suddenly strick- 
en with buyer's remorse. Most 
places require a guaranteed melh- 
od of payment like a money or- 
der, certified check, or cash, 

fied ads that "promise inside in- 
formation on how to buy exotic 
items at government auctions for 
jrbe svable prices," warns 
Carole Collins of the Consumer In- 
formation Center of the GSA, 
They're usually bogus. You can 
get all the information you need 
about government sales from Un- 
cle Sam himself. 

The GSA publishes a free book- 
let. The U.S. General Services 
Administration Guide to Federal 
Government Sales, that lists 

■/,ri -:■ iedera agency s sellirici 
what, notification procedun 

get a 

i begins. Carefully e> 


I tips on how to 

) Consumer Informa- 
tion Center. Dept. 601Z, Pueblo, 
Colorado 81009. Major sales by 
the U.S. Marshals Service are ad- 
vertised on the third Wednesday 
of every month in the classified 
section of USA Today (or call 
Manheim Auctions al 8(X)-???- 
9885). And don't be surprised if 
sometime soon the GSA puts sal- 
vage from the Super Collider on 
the auction block. DO 



PC-based movie games put you in the action 

By Gregg Keizer 

■ nough talk about 

■ think any of 

don't the s 

e yahoos 

ending. Movies by committee 
would be about as much fun as 
voting— and as ultimately unsat- 
isfying to the losing minority. 

It's different on the computer. 
Although PC cinema sha-es rails 
with ihe theater- and TV-based 
interactive movies that next-wave 
futurists tout— you play a part in 


b the 

follow your 
the computer, you, and only you, 
are in control. Vou're not a slave 
to the wishes ot strangers. 

Plopped on CD-ROM discs. 

... io , -j- 

my v 

e filmlike titles typically 

their moving pictures in a m 
ture window and run ther 
about half the speed of tel 
sion. Such size and speed si 

mings may make you sguin 

r if thi 

i been badly spliced, 
they're the fault of current hard- 
ware limitations, not the software 
designer. Down the digital high- 
way, full-screen, full-motion inter- 
desktop, and to the TV, too. 
Today, though, you 

Inlng lr 

your home com- 
puter. They may come disguised 
as games, but they're as much 
for watching as for playing. Take 
Media Vision's Critical Path, lor 
instance. The plot's bones are a 
bit bare: After your chopper's 
crashed on a tropical island, you 
guide Kat, your one uninjured 
comrade, through Generalissimo 
Minh's factory, a maze filled with 
booby traps and bloodthirsty 
goons in orange outfits. 

You don't control Kat as much 

back. You can send brief mes- 
sages—turn right, turn left, yes, 
no. that sort of thing— and when 
she gets in a jam. you can acti- 
vate the factory'; 

sting t 

tPC o 


four megabytes of memory to 
watch and play Critical Path, tf 

you have that on your desktop, 

is up. 

jugh n 

Alexander Morris, gathering 
clues and objects as you probe 
the strange circumstances of 
your brother's death. You're on 
the prowl for vampires, the Count 

i small chunks, inter- 

watch. The in 

i in Dracula 

game's grapiic adve'-orfc-siyli; 
e events, rat the video. If you're 
at the right place at the right 
time, you'll hear and see ctues 
that will take you to more places, 
more people. You affect Ihe sio- 

it these piac 


or stopping the conveyer belt 
she's riding toward a fiery fur- 
nace. Clues to the access codes 

scattered throughout the diaboli- 

The result is an engrossing 
action-adventure movie. Hard- 
ware demands are stiff, though: 

these people. 

This approach is a bit less 

the telling than in Critical Path. 
Still, with impressive production 
values and a professional cast of 
aciors. it's a big G\c-p up from the 
cartoonlike animation ol most 
computer adventures. A split 
'■ mb up, 

this. One to watch for is Acujws 
Software's Under the Killing 
Moon, a two-disk action extrava- 
ganza that stars Margot Kidder 

combination ot computer-gener- 
ated 3-D animation and realtime 
video, Killing Moon promises to 

As higher- powered hardware 

get bigger, better looking, i 
more ambitious. Just make E 
you don't spill the popcorn w 
you're punching buttons. DO 

A PCMCIA Modem Is A Lot 
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The Stuff That Matters Is Inside. 


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Cooperating with Russia in space may prove less than a t 
By Jerry Grey 


Science in Motion carries modern science into schools 
By Peter Callahan 

The collapse of the Soviet 
Union brought a lot of 
opportunity !o the trou- 
bled nation's weary citizens, to 
its ground-breaking governing 

community. Many in U.S. govern- 
opening of i 

design la create 

a crew- 
rescue vehicle 

former Soviel Union's 
technical capabilities could fuel 
of former Soviet 
power, while Ihe U.S. 

from Rui 
sales." But the big- 
gest risk faced by 
U.S. partners is thai 
they depend on criti- 
cal components man- 

Space Agency for $52 million for 
two Mir missions, the Russians 

$17,000 per extra kilogram car- 
ried to the station, $53,000 for 
every hour cosmonauts spend 
over the conlracted-for two hours 
per day, and so on. The Russian 
Space Agency also insisted— 
and the United States ag reed- 
that NASA pay $100 million per 
year up front for using Mir and 
for design work on space-station 

Despite the Russians' sky- 
rocketing charges, NASA top 
brass, along with sc 

Russia's big Energia 

apart at an alarming 

that the main motivation for using 

former Soviet space technology 

Soviel national econ- 

is to reduce costs— a highly 

unlikely prospect. Integrating 

space systems based on differ- 

cerns, olher Western 

practices, requirements, operat- 

dismayed by the bud- 

ing specifications, and manufac- 

get-driven vacillations 

of Ihe United States in 

never cost less than a single sys- 

cooperative programs 

tem. Apollo-Soyuz, which re- 

3uch as the space 

quired only one interface be- 

station, continue to 

tween two dissimilar spacecraft, 

court the Russians. In 

cost the United States nearly a 

half-billion 1975 dollars and took 

Aerospatiale signed a 

two years to accomplish. 

deal to build and mar- 

That doesn't mean NASA 

ket a joint French- 

shouldn't cooperate with Russia 

and the other Eastern republics. 

Cooperation will help sustain 

ble Vostoh. In addi- 

those nations' fragile new politi- 

tion, a French govern- 

cal structures and at the same 

ment-industry team 

time bring to the West valuable 

technology and capabilities. But 

lion francs to support 

the United States shouldn't pur- 

Russian flight tests of 

sue cooperalion on the question- 

a supersonic combus- 

tion ramjet (scramjet) 

money. We certainly should 

a technology in which 

with our eyes wide open .DO 

d Slates. 

Jerry Grey is director of aero- 

are discovering tnsy 

space ana science policy at the 

struck such a b;.r;j;:ih. 

American Institute of Aeronautics 

soaking the European 

and Astronautics. 

It was the kind of scene every 
teacher dreams about: A high - 
school student, seeing a van 
filled with science equipment 
pull up to the campus, ran up to 
Eleanor Siegriest excitedly. "The 
chem van is here! The chem van 

we going to have the chem van 
today?" When Siegriest, a chem- 
istry teacher at Hollidaysburg Ar- 
High School in central Penn- 


it the 

is just dropping olf equip- 
ment, the student persisted. "But 
we have to have it! It's here!" 

That a van filled with nuclear ra- 
don monitors and spectrophotom- 
eters could inspire the kind of en- 
thusiasm kids usually reserve for 
the three-o'clock bell is a glowing 

is of a 


■ Foiinsylvs 



schools to lead workshops e 
troduce students :o sophisticr-tec 
inslrumenis that few schools 

The vans, each stocked wth 
more than $100,000 wort! - cf 
equipment and operated by a 

teacher who works hand in hand 
with Ihe classroom instructor, of- 
fer an invaluable supplemen i" 
the kind of traditional book lea n 
jdents and 

that because of a lack of resourc- 

changed. I could almost have 
been sitling in Ihe same school I 
was sitting in thirty-five years ago. 
But the practice of chemistry has 
changed in that lime." 

Juniata applied to the Nation- 
al Science Foundation for a 
grant, and soon a van filled with 

on the road, setting up labs at a 
particular school for a day or drop- 
ping off equipment that teachers 
had learned to use during sum- 
mer workshops held at the col- 
lege. From the beginning it was 
a hit; recently, a program to sup- 
port biology teachers was added. 
"For the kids, it's something dif- 
ferent," says Tom Ferko. who op- 
erates the western Pennsylvania 

thing they've never seen before. 
I tell them that this will get them 
over the initial shock of using new 
equipment in a college chemis- 

More important, perhaps, is 
the lasting effect the program has 
r>p some participants. Ryan 

pened to science educator in a 
long time," says Erma Anderson 
of the National Science Teacher's 
Association's Scope Sequence 
and Coordination Project, "it's a 
blessing to small rural districts 
where a big problem is a lack of 
materials. Bringing the equipment 
to schools has a lasting impres- 
sion. It's something students can't 
get from a textbook. 

This hands-on approach is the 
backbone of the program, says 
Siegriest, providing a 

cnem van as a student at Ind 
v;:i< ; , H;;ii School, attributes 
decision to study chemistry in ( 
lege pa'tly to the van's visits 
hsscicoi "My first exper' 

ieachir'3 a 

u ways to pump i fe 
in Mo 

tion project, says Don Mi 
chemistry professor at Juniata Col- 
lege and coordinator of the pro- 
gram. Working with high-school 
teachers, Mitchell and his col- 
leagues found t 

ed things for their students to cro 
as well as updated training for 
■a need Mitchell rec- 

;o ;:i- ;' 

chemistry, and I got interested in 

nsp.-od by the success of Juni- 
ata s program, two schools— Pur- 
due University and Occidental Col- 
lege—have developed similar out- 
reach projects of their own. Many 
in the education field believe pro- 
grams like these are vital for the 
future, where an increasingly tech- 
nology-driven society demands a 
better- prepared work force. 

Jlof tl 

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show them. The van brings a doz- 

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lot more interesting. Wouldn't you 
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do it?" DO 

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Preparing for the millennium. Plus, a decidedly different kind of nuclear power, 
and how refrigerators fight kidney disease 

Berkeley Springs, WV — A casual visitor 
would not take this tiny spa town nestled 
up against Warm Springs Mountain for a 
hotbed of thinking about the future. In 
fact, it's the past that seems to dominate. 

George Washington, after all, bathed 
hers tor the (irsi lime ?45 years ago. He 
named the town Bath, bought land, and 
returned repeatedly to take the waters 
with his Revolutionary War cronies. The lo- 
cal museum flaunts Ihe town's history, tour- 
ist accommodations tend toward the Vic- 
torian and country styles, and most of the 
shops visitors see sell antiques, not com- 
puters or electronic gadgets. 

Yel last winter, on seven different oc- 

pacity crowd of 40 people to dine on del- 
icacies such as Jamaican jerked chicken 
or spicy Thai steak salad and spend the 
cvoni'ig la <irg abojt "the Future." 

"In Berkeley Spni';;s." admits restau- 
rant owner Tari Hampe, "winters are very 
slow. VJe were trying to come up with an 
oca to increase tee woeknb'ni -'..sine;.;. 
It really started because of the nature of 
the people who move here — they need 
more than a typical small town has to 
offer." And, Hampe adds, because 
Jeanne Mazier— resident as:r<;l"u;-'i\ writer, public-relations 
consultant, and movie-theater operator— is really into 
predicting the future. 

m years from the millennium," Mozier said, for the people who lack them now; and increased but 

In small towns, the 

courthouse is 

Hi* hub of political life. 

and suffers 
from an image of backwardness, yet at- 
tracts people like one couple who 
moved there from Colorado because "it 
has a rural environment and small com- 
munities that still have the ability lo look 
at the future and plan their own destiny." 

Just what is that destiny? "The world is 
going to come lo VJssf Virginia," predicts 
poet Pat Love, clad in a red plaid shirt, 
from his perch on a barstool in Tari's din- 
ing room. "We have some of the only 
clean air, clean water left on the East 
Coast." Love says we all must find solu- 
tions to the problems in our 
we must find the needs in ou 
ties and take care of them. 

As the March winds whistled outside, 
the amateur futurists brainstorming in the 
cozy dining room had no trouble pinpoint- 
ing either the state's needs or their po- 
tcn'ia! so l lions: better roads, to promote 
economic development; more libraries, to 
promote literacy; a more aggressive and 
hospitable state film office, to encourage 
filmmakers to shoot on location in Vtest Vir- 

to make up for a lag in technology and 

spur an economic and educational 

of nonprofit organizations to collaborate 

addressing problem; ;j-.--> as pevo'vy and environmental 

' provision of sanitary living accommodations 

To her, this suggested a sh li from dominance to coopera- 
tion, from 1 to 2. male to female, ecological thinking as op- 
posed to linear Nineteen ninety-three was a uniquely sig- 

nificant year because of 

m to add fuel to the economy. 
How will all this happen? "This state can take some of the 
st ideas and incorporate them into how we run things." 

ning tooeihe.' o' Ihe placets says Ooslia Mas-lie. Efismf. Panhandle bureau chief for 

Uranus and Neptune. "With these two planets coming togeth- West Virgi 
er, you are going to get either dissolution or the blowing apart things, we 
of theexistingform,"shesaid. "This is the time to be f ' 
ing about what's on the other side of this change. We 
an opportunity— a chance to envision Ihe future." 

[-aoh pr^gr.-iiiiadii'ossor; as;x>;;r'.o neiro. sueh a. 
ucation 2000. Art 2000, or Vfest Virginia 2000. Speake 
eluded a professor of education, a local politi 

reporter, and a numerologi 

One of the liveli 
ia, which ranks at< 

a homeopath, a public-radio mayb* 

Public Radio. "If another state has good 
and bring them here." 
David Welch, a Berkeley Springs resident who works as 
a media consultant to Republican candidates all over the coun- 
try, thinks part of the answer may lie in continuing discus- 
sions like the ones held ias; winter "While there's a grow- 
ing frustration with the political system and those who run it, 
people are finding that coming together as ordinary citizens 

et for their anger and creativity |i ■?,'■■ *.■ i;- 

ing their congressman ' he says "' ihiiK a seed is bsnr.: ola'ii- 
ed (in the discussions), but it may take time to break 
through the ground and bear fruit."— ELLEN HOFFMAN 


Hans U. Hertel. who tan 
the Environ menial-Bio logical 
Research Laboratory in 
Wattenwil until spring 1993, 
when he was appointed 
European president of the 
Wforld Foundation (or 
Natural Science, claims lo 

sinister changes in the blood 
of people who eat micro- 
waved foods. 

In hundreds of trials, 
Hertel fed eight volunteers 
eight different foods— some 

he reports, the blood 
samples from the people 
who ate foods cooked 

and typical signs c" ">"k i; 
The volunteers' eryth-ocytes 
(red blood cells), leukcoy'.w; 
(white blood cells) and 
cholesterol increase:— h 
strong sign of stress Hsrtel 
says. At the same iir-e. 
the hemoglobin (thr; Oiyje" 
carrying pail ol the blood) 
decreased. The react ons 
in the blood were sir" ar 
signs to those caui'e ■: n, 
exposure to chemicals or 

technical radiation, Herial 
says, and are "indicative 
of an early pathogenic proc- 
ess, as in fact il may occur at 
the actual start of cancer." 
Another researchr-r how- 

conclusions are hai' batted 
Bernard Blanc of the Swiss 
Federal Institute of Tech 
nology and University n 
Lausanne, who wo'ied 01 
the study with Hertel oji 
dissociated himself from 
it shortly thereafter, claims 
that Hertel is spreao ".g 
"fallacious informaliO' 
Blanc disagrees vehemently 
with Hertel's conclusions 
and says the blood tests 
didn't indicate a "predisposi- 

of any pathological state." 

At the least, Hertel 
counters, the study should 
motivate more research. "Nol 
one other study has been 
done on the hazards of 
microwaves with regard to 
radiated food," he says. 

—Jim Stiak 

Undei a provision of the 
federal Clean Air Act. the 
irtcntonal release of chlo- 
ic' jcrccarbons (CFCs), 
. .' .1 •■ .depleting chemicals, 
t-.f. -.11 :■ illegal on July 1 , 
•yx~, designed to save the 
earth's ozone layer, the bill 
also changes tie way people 
d sposc of refrigerators, 
freezers, and air condition- 
ere The contraptions can no 
longe- oe left on the 
sidewa <s. nor can landfills 
ac'.f: i them unless special 
arrangements are made to 
■?-.,,: <•-. their CFCs. 
While some folks griped 

about the measure. Andrew 
Martin, president of New 
England Appliance Recovery 
Systems in Woburn, Massa- 
chusetts, saw an opportunity 
to pUt *e new law to good 

prog-a— started in 1991, 
■':.'•• n".idenls wishing to get 
no ol ;; ;l refrigerators 
can ced the National Kidney 
Foundation of Massachu- 
setts. wnich then contacts 
r/iitir's company to arrange 
for a p ckup. A fraction of the 
d sposa fee goes to the 
Fojrcation to support kidney 


research. The Foundation 

became a kidney-dialysis 
patient in 1979. 

"Because of the poor 
economy here, we didn't 
want to keep soliciting cash 
donations," explains Andrew 
Malgieri. the Foundation's 
development director. "We 
started asking people for 
something langible, and 
what's more tangible than 
a refrigerator?" 

New England Appliance 
Recovery Systems now takes 
in some 500 refrigerators 
a week— a figure projected 
to rise to 1,500 per week. 
The company extracts CFCs 
and saves them for reuse; 
it also salvages steel, cop- 
per, aluminum, brass, plas- 
tic, and glass. "We recycle 
ninety-two percent of the 
materials in a refrigerator," 
Martin says.— Steve Nad is 

called queen r 
pheromone. Now £ 
at Simon Fraser University 
in Vancouver possess the 
queen's secret as well: 
They've identified its rive 
major ingredients, and 
they're testing the effective- 
ness of a diluted synthetic 
spray in increasing the fruit 

PheroTech, attracts worker 
bees, which gather pollen 
from flowers. 

"Clearly, if we are able to 

the kind of sociochemical 
control the queen exercises 
within the colony," Slessor 
says, "we can dramatically 
expand the economic value 
of an already beneficial 

Most of the pheromone s 
produced by the queen are 

pounds that help bees mate, 
recognize their nest, and 





quality and yield of flower- 
ing crops that rely on the 
honeybee for pollination. 

Chemist Keith N. Slessor 
and biologist Mark L. Winston 
report encouraging results 
from preliminary tests on 
pear trees, cranberries, and 
blueberries. The chemical, 
licensed to a company 


class called "pr 
mones, and it inhibits the 
rest of the hive from raising 
a new queen, much less 
crowning her. That message 
spreads through the 

The scientists first docu- 
mented queen mandibular 
pheromone and the workers' 
resulting behavior in the 
mid 1980s, but pinpointing 
the pheromone's compo- 
nents required running some 
3,000 bioassays. It turns 
out that the compound, 
produced by the mandibular 

forms of d' 

two aromatic compounds 

hand as HOB and HVA. 

A synthetic version of the 
pheromone could prove 
invaluable not only in 
managed crop pollination, 
because it stimulates pollen 
foraging by worker bees, 
but also in "monitoring and 
potential control of honeybee 
diseases," Slessor says. 

—George Nob be 

"The unleashed power of 

lenged everything except 
our way ol thinking. " 

—Albert tn>s<&!' 




F" 1 

Ralph Moir, a physicist 

L J 

at the Lawrence Livermore 

National Laboratory, has 

b ■ ^3 

spent the past three dec- 

ades trying to harness 

nuclear fusion — the energy 

of the stars— for electric 

produced by a large power 

power generation. Moir has 

plant. Moir doesnt yet 

explored the two leading 

advocate the concept be- 

approaches: magnetic con- 

cause he still lacks safety 

finement and inertial con- 

and economic analyses. 

finement. Sadly, achieving 

"But this is something 

fusion has proved elusive. 

we can do today, unlike 

Moir wondered whether 

other fusion strategies, 

there might be an easier 

which is why we oughl to 

route to fusion. He teamed 

think about it." 

up with Liver more 's Abra- 

Massachusetts Institute 

ham Szoke to investigate a 

of Technology fusion expert 

■'aoica. orcposi: on. ^c:; nci 

Martin Greenwald is skepti- 

cal. "Its hard enough 

ground cavity and using the 

dumps,' he says. "Who's 

going to want nuclear 

steam that would drive a 

explosives going off every 

turbine generator. Moir and 

hour on the hour?" 

Szoke figure they d have 

Moir admits he hasn t 

found a groundswell of 

explosion- less than a 

support. "If there is an 

quarter of the yield of the 

active constituency out 

Hiroshima bomb — every 

hour to match the electricity 

from it." — Steve Nadis 


Richard Steenblik used a 
1910 physics handbook and 
a vial of Chinese cinnamon 
oil to develop a new three- 
dimensional vision system. 

Steenblik was a research- 
er al the Georgia Institute 
oi Technology when he first 
noticed that a videogame 
called Tempest produced 
very slight three-dimensional 
effects. He knew the effects 
were caused by an im per- 
fection, called chromatic 

■:: oy f 

stubborn ci 

the color red often comes 
from nearby objects while 

from objects farther away. 

Steenblik wanted to find a 
means of enhancing that 

bending, or refracting, light 
through two different liquids 
would provide the necessary 

tion. The 1910 physics text 
he turned up noted that 
Chinese cinnamon oil and 
glycerin would create the 
opposing refraction needed. 
Finding the glycerin was 
easy. Locating the cinnamor 



ly found it, he used the oil, the 
glycerin, and microscope 
slides to build a pair of 3-D 
glasses. They worked well 
but were heavy and 
unwieldy. "Not only that," 
explains the inventor, "but 
cinnamon oil eats everything 
organic, including the glue 
holding the slides together." 

So he turned to binary- 
optics techniques developed 
at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology. The 
binary-optics glasses use 
pieces of holographic film 
4/1000-inch thick that selec- 
l ve v shift the points at which 
different colors of light are 

focused. The technique 
makes different colors ap- 
pear to be at varying 

distances from the viewer — 
the basis of the 3-D effect. 

Steenblik and partner 
Frederic ■■: Lauter have 
formed a company called 
Chromatek to market, 
license, and manufacture 
the technology. 

—George Nobbe 

. . . HOW 1 

stellar maps obsolete. 


The key to the ground- 


breaking sky survey lies in 

a new telescope still under 

By 1995, American astrono- 

construction. When complet- 

mers plan to begin the most 

ambitious stellar map- 

Apache Point, New Mexico, 

making project ever They'll 

near the Sacramento Park 

chart the cosmic distribu- 

Observatory. The tele- 

tion of a million galaxies 

scope's primary mirror, 2.5 

and 100,000 quasars, 

pinpointing their locations 

four times the light-col- 

on a three-dimensional 

lecting power of the one 

relief map that stretches to 

used 40 years ago in the 

the edge of the universe. 

Palomar Sky Survey. And 

"That's nearly a hundred 

30 charge-coupled-device 

times larger than any 

light detectors enable the 

stellar catalog that's ever 

telescope to capture more 

existed before," says 

of the light 'collected by the 

Rrinceton University's Jere- 

mirror— an impressive 60 

miah P. Oslriker. 

percent of the photons that 

The Sloan Digital Sky 

reach it. The images 

Survey — named after the 

Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. 

be produced directly in 

which Is providing $8 

digital form, ready for im-. 

million ol the project's S25 

mediate classifying and 

million cost — is due to wrap 

cataloging, Ostriker says. 

up by the turn of the 

In addition to charting 

century. The collected data 

the distribution of stellar 

should not only resolve 

mailer, the sky survey 

some ancient debates 

should also shed new light 

on dark matter and may 

clusters and supercluslers 

uncover new kinds of 

of galaxies arose, but 

objects never before seen. 

also make all previous 

— George Nobbe 

Sicviv .-:«;.'. Hit S : n>r< fJ.'ii.M,' Sk\- S,'ie;. \;-i! map even the 


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research biologist ai Florida 


Atlantic University, have 
trained Stormy and Dundee, 

Does poor hearing contrib- 

two manatees at Tampa's 

ute (□ the endangered 

Lowry Park Zoo, to push one 

manatee's unfortunate likeli- 

paddle when they hear 

hood of being slashed by a 

a sound and to push another 

boat propeller? Researchers 

when they hear nothing. 

Geoffrey Patton and 

Edmund Gerstein think 

so— and they're testing the 

hearing ol two captive 

can hear at selected V 

If the theory proves 
correct, countless manatees 

"Once we've confirmed 
that," Patton says, "we 

might be saved simply by 
outfitting boats with an 

intend to introduce masking 
background noise" to 


underwater warning device 

find out how well the animals 

^*»^__ j^^f mana- 

that emits frequencies the 

can pick out sounds with- 

tees," Pal ton notes. "That's 

animals could hear says 

in the noise. 

why they were placed on the 

Patton, an adjunct scientist 

"And the third test will be 

less than 2.000 manatees 

end angered -species list in 

at the Mote Marine Labora- 

in directional sensitivity," 

living in Florida waters. 

1973— and why they have 

tory in Sarasota. Florida. 

Patton continues. "We want 

"Contact with humans has 

no hope of ever being taken 

Patton and Gerstein. a 

lo determine how well the 

doubled the natural mortality 

off."— Donald Vaughan 


die before reaching age 30. 

is now negotiating with a 

who*, aaa«er.wer 8 arrest- 

Researchers at the tCI 

Swedish drug manufacturer 

ed and convicted. But in 

Central Toxicology Laborato- 

to develop NTBC as a com- 

the first study of its kind, she 

ry in Cheshire, England, 

mercial drug. The prognosis? 

looked not only at "did 

formulated a substance 

"We've treated loo few 

called IMTBC as an agricul- 

patients to say how they'll do 

happened to her," but 

tural herbicide. In the 

in the long run," Lindstedt 

at what point the woman 

process, they noticed that 

says. "But so far, we're quite 

resisted. Ullman says. 

(MET disease called tyrosines. 

NTBC blocked the pro- 

hopeful."— Bill Lawren 

She found that the women 

duction of tyrosine. They 

who fought back cut their 


alerted tyrosinemia expert 


chances of rape more than 


Sven Lindstedt and his 

colleagues at the University 

In addition, they suffered no 

n a remarkable example of 

of Gothenburg in Sweden, 

vised not to fight back 

more injury and abuse 

cross-fertilization between 

who soon administered 

when confronting a potential 

than the passive women. 

NTBC to five patients aged 

rapist. Research has indi- 

Even so, Ullman wouldn't 

substance developed to kill 

two months to six years. 

advise all women to resist 

weeds is being used to 

Although one patient 

defend themselves are less 

violently. "Every situation 

real a potentially fatal liver 

subsequently needed a liver 

likely to be raped, they also 

is unique," she says, "and 

disease. Triggered by over- 

transplant, after seven 

experience more abuse and 

every woman different." 

production of the amino acid 

months of treatment the other 

injury. But recent work calls 

Judith Siegel of UCLA's 

yrosine, the malady, known 

four showed improved liver 

the old data into question. 

School of Public Health 

as hereditary tyrosinemia. 

function and increased 

University of Illinois at 

can produce liver failure 

appetite and were more alert 

Chicago psychologist Sarah 

She feels lhat most research 

n infants or liver cancer in 

and active. Lindstedl has 

Ullman studied the cases of 

supports resistance, while 

children. Without a liver 

274 women who were either 

anecdotal advice promotes 

ran sol ant. victims invariably 

patients in 12 countries and 

raped or avoided rape and 

passivity. — Paul McCarthy 

An extraordinarily detailed sculpture — 
meticulously painted by hand. 

steeped in tanr.isy. casiles inspire 
enchanting visions of the days of yore. 
Their massive walls and hartlcments 
recall the age of chivalry. Their vast 
halls evoke the era of great monarchies, 
when resigns held court in chambers 
of sold. 

No castle evokes such visions mure 
than Ncuschwaiisrein Castle in Bavaria, 
Germany — one of the most picturesque 
castles in the world. Now, this magnifi- 
cent castle is re-created in a finely 
detailed sculpture available only from 
the Dunbury Mint. 

Superbly sculpted; 
skillfully hand -pain ted. 
From die turrets, to the hundreds of liny 
ivindows and the rocky cliffs around its 
base, this re-creation is expertly sculpt- 
ed. The Enchanted Castle is crafted of 
cold-cast porcelain — a blend uf pow- 
dered porcelain and resin noted for its 

Thp £nchann>d Castle 

L'.kl' accept m\ i^-lc .11 1. -n Imi 7~Ji. : fiv'i.iiii.-.i 

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table, The t.icikml.'.h wle wll cupti- 








ightning flashed over Corona, New Mexico, and thunder rattled the thin windowpanes of the 
small shack where ranch foreman Mac Brazel slept. Brazel was used to summer thunder- 
he was suddenly brought wide awake by a loud explosion thai set the dishes in 
the kitchen sink dancing. Sonotabitch, he thought to himself before sinking back to sleep, the sheep 
will be scattered halfway between hell and nigh water come dawn. 

In the morning, Brazel rode out on horseback, accompanied by seven-year-old Timothy Proctor, 
to survey the damage. According to published accounts, Brazel and young Proctor stumbled 
across something unearthly— a field of tattered debris two to three hundred yards wide stretching 
some three-quarters of a mile in length. No rocket scientist, Brazel still realized he had something 
strange on his hands— so strange that he decided to haul several pieces ot it into Roswell, some 
75 miles distant, a day or two later. 

For all its lightness, the debris in Brazel's pickup bed seemed remarkably durable. Sheriff 
George Wilcox reportedly took one look at it and called the military at Roswell Army Air Field, then 


agreed to accompany Bra- 

zel back to the debris field. 

As a consequence ot 

their investigate 



history of tl 
military appeared on the 
front page of the Roswell 
Daily Record for July 8, 
1947. Authored by public- 
information officer Lt. Wal- 
ter Haut and approved by 
base commander Col. Wil- 
liam Blanchard, it admitted 

it the 

any n 

garding UFOs "became a 
reality yesterday when the 
intelligence office of the 
509th Bomb Group of the 
Eighth Air Force, Roswell 
Army Air Field, was for- 

enough to gain p 

n of a 

nof o 

the local ranchers and the 
sheriff's office of Chaves 

Haul's noon press re- 
lease circled the planet, 
reprinted in papers as far 
abroad as Germany and 
England, where it was 
picked up by the pres- 
tigious London Times. 
UFOs were reall Media 
calls poured in to the 
Roswell Daily Record and 

which had first broken the 

tional details. 

in Fort Worth, Texas, Brig. 
Gen. Roger Ramey, com- 
mander of the Eighth Air 
Force, held a press con- 
porters' questions. Spread on the general's 
lumps of a blackened, rubberlike materi; 
pieces of what looked like a flimsy tinfoil kil 
for pictures, kneeling on his carpet with the mater 
Maj. Jesse Marcel, flown in from Roswell for the 
Alas, allowed the general, the Roswell incident wat 
case of mistaken identity; in reality, the so-called r 
flying disc was nothing more than a weather balloon 
with an attached radar reflector. 







by paul McCarthy 

Many people think the Freedom of Information Act 
(FOIA). passed by Congress in 1966, gives an American 
] any government document, 
i have found that it gives them 
the right to request, but government agencies retain the 
right to deny— as they often do. 

In fact, applicants find, FOIA requests may be sty- 
mied by any number of exemptions. When information is 
related to criminal investigations, pending policy 
deliberations, national security considerations, or when it 
violates an individual's privacy, the FOIA application is 
denied. The applicant can appeal, of course, and if he or 
she loses, may take the case to federal court— but who 
has the money? On top of that. FOIA requests are not a 
priority with the government, so some agencies have 
backlogs that won't be acted upon tor years. On other 
occas-cr'is UFO invciiiga'.o's iusix:-; Ihcr portions are 
acted upon too quickly and end up in the circular file. 

Yet thousands of pages of UFO documents have 
been pried loose over the past 20 years. None clinch the 
case for a government cover-up of UFO activity, but they, 
along with the cross-referencing of other documents and 
insider tips, hold out the intriguing possibility that the 
government is clinging to hundreds of thousands at 
pages of files tor the diligent or lucky to unearth. Hoping 
to satisfy our 'cadors : ascinaion for government secrets 
new and old, the following handbook details some o! the 
most tantalizing FOIA requests and provides tips on 
tapping the government for more. 

dia bought tl 

sinker." asserts Stanton 
Friedman, a nuclear phys- 

avia- on wilor Don Boili'ii-i 
of Crash a! Corona, one of 

ritten about 



balloon story w 

n the 

ly squelched." 

Ramey's impromptu 
press conference marks 

Friedman refers to as a 
"'Cosmic Watergate,' the 
ongoing cover-up of the 
government's knowledge 
about extraterrestrial UFOs 
and their terrestrial activ- 
ities." By contrast, says 
Friedman, the original 

cover-up pales in signif- 
icance. In fact, if Friedman 
and his cohorts within the 
UFO community are cor- 
rect, military involvement 

crashed flying saucer 

put Roswell in 

a certain 

ins Curtis 

Peebles, an a 



of UFOs as ar 


belief system in 

! ,-',*i:c.'-' ,'.'-e 

Skies! was just published 

by the Smithso 

tute. "And the 


;. Ramey p 

a &iitio;c 

government and its relationship to the governed. Americans 
have always been suspicious, if not actively contemptuous, 
of their government. On the other hand, forget what the 
government says and look at what it does. Is there any 
evidence in the historical record that the Air Force or 
gov'^rr ■■^c-.'l io-uvod as if t actually oath:-:: a fly ng sa ,ccr 
presumably thousands of years in advance of anything on 
either the Soviet or U.S. side? If there is, I didn't find it." 
Regardless of its ultimate reality, however, Roswell 




and frustrations Friedman 
and fellow UFOIogists 

have encountered in pry- 
ing loose what the govern- 

know about UFOs. Mem- 

of f- 

ir of ri 

cording to Friedman, be- 
cause of secrecy oaths. 
Despite a trail that lay cold 
for more than 30 years. 
UFOIogists still consider 
Roswell one of the most 
convincing UFO cases on 
record. In 1978. for ex- 
ample. Friedman personal- 
ly interviewed Maj. Jesse 
Marcel shortly before his 
death. "He still didn't know 

says Friedman, "except 
that it was like nothing he 
had ever seen before and 
certainly wasn't from any 
weather balloon." Accord- 
ing to what Marcel repor- 
tedly iold Friedman, in fact, 
the featherlight material 
couldn't be denied by a 
sledgehammer or burned 
by a blowtorch. 

Vet getting the Air Force 
itself to say anything about 

UFOs in general can be an 
exercise in futility. Officials 
are either buresuc'a: c-sliy 
vague or maddeningly 
abrupt. Maj. David Thurs- 
ton, a Pentagon spokes- 
person for ihe Air Force 
Office of Public Affairs, 
could only refer inquiries lo 
the Air Force Historical Re- 
search Center in Mont- 
gomery, Alabama, where 

microfilm for public review. But a spokesperson (here Sfi -i 
they had no "investigative material" and suggested 
checking the National Archives for files from Project Blue 
Book, the Air Force's public UFO investigative agency from 
the late 1940s until its closure in December of 1969. 

Indeed, the dismissive- nit L,ro ivitn which U.S. officials 
treated Blue Book research seemed to indicate they were 
unimpressed; on that point, believers and skeptios alike 
agree. But according to Friedman and colleagues, that 






UFOIogists list the most dramatic attempts to pry 
loose documents still marked classified. 

The Big Fish. The most important FOIA UFO case 
ever, according to UFO researcher Stanton Friedman. 
was filed in 1979 against the CIA. Citizens Against UFO 
Secrecy (CAUS), an Alexandria. Virginia, organization 
headed by Larry Bryant, joined with others, including 
Friedman, to go after all UFO documents in the 
possession of the CIA. The CIA responded that it could 
do nothing because the documents it had were issued 
by other agencies and could only be released by them. 
Of those, CAUS went after 18 National Security Agency 
(NSA) documents, but the NSA would not release them, 
claiming they would reveal "sources and methods." 
CAUS filed an admin i-strative appeal with the NSA and 
lost. It then went to federal court, and the judge ordered 
NSA to search its files for UFO documents. Surprise: 239 
documents showed up— 79 from other unnamed 
agencies, 23 from the CIA, and 137 unexpected NSA 
bonus documents. Still, the NSA refused to release them, 
and the judge, after reading the NSA's justification, 
agreed. Under a later FOIA action, the CIA released 9 of 
its 23 documents, mostly unimportant abstracts of 
Eastern European press stories on UFOs. Adding the 
original 18 NSA documents that CAUS sought to the 
newly uncovered batch of 137 shows that the NSA held 
on to 155 while the CIA retained 11. In addition, 79 
documents from other agencies never saw the light of 
day — proof, according to Friedman, that the government 
can keep a secret. 

Project Moon Dust. Projects Mcon Dust and Blue Fly 
are purportedly efforts aimed at retrieving manmade 
space objects that reenter the atmosphere and crash. 

_nd Blue Book 
ruse, instead, 
i eyes of Blue 

meetings of upper-echelon 
intelligence officers from 
military and civilian agen- 
cies alike, UFOs— includ- 
ing real crashed saucers 
and the mangled bodies of 
aliens — were the subject of 
endless study and debate. 

man. proof of this UFO 
reality can be found in the 
classified files of govern- 
ment vaults 
With all this 

classified docu- 
i the surface until 
when Congress 

amended in the last year of 
the Nixon administration 
(1974) to include the Pri- 

sur prised to find that their 
personal UFO activities 
had resulted in govern- 

UFO Secrecy (CAUS) and 
other UFO activists even- 
tually unleashed a flood 
tide of previously classified 
UFO documents. 
In many cases, notes Barry Greenwood, director of 
research for CAUS and coauthor with Lawrence Fawcett of 
The Government UFO Cover-up, most agencies at first 
denied they had any such documents i" their "ilss A ...,sss. 
in point is the CIA," says Greenwood "vfa's h assu'ed us 
that Its merest and involver-ei- «■ Uf-Os enono in 1953. 
After a lengthy lawsuit, the C A Utimaroly '0 cased ~:ore 
than a thousand pages of document To date we've 
acquired more than ten thousand documorts porta nlng to 

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UFOs, [he o 

Force, arid VI 

ning majority of 
e CIA, FBI, Air 
ler military agen- 
cies. It's sale 10 say mere are probably 

As might be expected, the UFO pa- 
per (rail is a mixed bag. Many of the doc- 
uments released are simple sighi 'ig re- 
ports logged well alter the demise of 
Blue Book. Others are more tantalizing. 
A document released by Ihe North Amer- 
ican Aerospace Defense Command 
(NORAD) revealed that several sensi- 
tive military bases scattered (rom 
Maine to Montana were temporarily put 
on alert status following a sorbs or spr- 
ings in October and November ot 1975. 
An Air Force Office of Special Intelli- 
gence document reported a landed 
light seen near Kirttand Air Force 
Base, Albuquerque. New Mexico, on 
the night of August 8, 1980. 

Another warm and still-smoking gun. 
according to Greenwood, is the so- 
called Bolender memo, named after its 
author, Brig Gen. C. H. Bolender. then 

Air Force deputy director ol 

development. Dated Octo- 
ber 20, 1969, it expressly 

fied flying objects which 
could affect national securi- 
ty .. . are not part of the 
Blue Book system." Says 

Anything." Using cross references 

found in CIA and other intelligence- 
agency papers. CAUS attorneys filed 
lor tin: release of all NSA documents per- 
taining to the UFO phenomenon. After 
initial denials, Ihe NSA admitted to the 

but resisted their release on the 
grounds of national security. 

Federal District Judge Gerhard Ges- 
sell upheld the NSA's request for sup- 
pression following a review (judge's 
chambers only) of Ihe agency's classi- 
fied 21-page In Camera petition. "Two 
years later." Greenwood says, "we fi- 
nally got a copy of the NSA In Camera 
affidavit. Of 582 lines, 412, or approxi- 
mately 75 percent, were completely 
blacked out. The government can't 
have it both ways. Either UFOs affect 
n.iri.jrifil sccuriw or rhey don't." 

The NSA's blockage of the CAUS 
suit only highlights the shortcomings of 
the Freedom ot Information Act, accord- 
ing to Friedman. (See the sidebar 'Free- 
dom Fighters Handbook," beginning on 

c and Republic 

grow;r of both science and technology. 
Bureaucratic secrecy is also prohibi- 
tively expensive." 

Aftergood cites some daunting sta- 
tistics in his favor. Despite campaign 
ession of Democrat- 
uresidential admini- 
government files 
more publicly accessible, more than 
300 million documents compiled prior 
to 1960 in the National Archives alone 
slil I await declassification. Aftergood al- 
so points to a 1990 Department of De- 
fense study, which estimated (he cost 
of protecting Industrial — not military — 

it SU 

'I take that t< 
at Blue Book was lit 






'That's a budget about the s 
NASA's," he says, adding that "the 
numbers were ludicrous enough during 
the Cold War, but now thai the Cold 
War is supposedly over, they're even 

Could the Air Force and other gov- 

den agenda for maintaining the reput- 
ed Cosmic Watergate? Yes, according 

UFOs may be our own ad- 
vanced super-lop-secret 
aerial platforms, not exlrater- 

hlgh. Something of the sort 
could be occurring at the 
supersecjet Groom Lake 
test facility in Nevada, part of 


e gunnery rang 
of Las Vega; 

," says Philip Klass. a former si 

editor with 
Technology and i 
Public Deceived, 

would happen wit 

[hat other channels for 
they incoming Soviet r 

Greenwood counter: 
memo speaks for itself, 
sting tr 

and Space 
jlhor of UFOs: The 

he Bolender memo 
e problem of what 
UFO reports of any 
closure ol Project 
simply saying 
ch reports, be 

patio 36 i ' "h. A'--ii_-rir:ar pL.ijIic oper- 
ates under the illusion that the FOIA is 
some sort of magical key that will un- 
lock all of the government's secret 
vaults," he says, "that all you have to 
"; ask. They a' 

where dee) 

! ;, ; r-| |-,o;- !;=i I 

i big computer file some- 
in the bowels of the Pen- 
nothing could be farther 


eoi :.iiei 

enced attachments are presently report- 
ed as missing from Air Force files.'' 

M ssmg tiles are one problem. Files 
known to exist but kept under wraps, 
notes Greenwood, are another. To 
make his poinl, he cites a case Involv- 
ing the ultrasecret National Security 
Agency, or NSA, an acronym often as- 
sumed by Insiders to mean "Never Say 

years, UFOIogists have 
usual ally in the person of 
Steven Aftergood, an electrical engi- 
neer who directs the Project on Govern- 
ment and Secrecy for the Washington, 
DC-based Federation ol American Sci- 
entists, whore most members wouldn't 
ordinarily give UFOs the time ol day. 
"Our problem." says Aftergood. "is 
with government secrecy on principle, 
because it widens the gap between citi- 
zens and government making il :na! 
much more difficult to participate in the 
democratic process. It's also antitheti- 
cal to peer review and 
two natural processes conducive to the 

buffs h 
Groom Lake runway, one of 

the world's longest, could be 
home to the much-rumored Aurora, re- 
puted to be a hypersonic Mach-8 spy 
plane and a replacement for the recent- 
ly retired SR-71 Blackbird. 

In fact, the Air Force routinely denies 
the existence of Aurora. And with Blue 
Book a closed chapter, it no longer has 
'e held press conferences to answer re- 
porters' questions about UFOs. From 
ihe governmtrir s perspective, the cur- 
rent confusion between terrestrial tech- 
nology and extraterrestrial UFOs could 
be a '-lamage of both coincidence and 
convenience. The Air Force doesn't 
seem to be taking chances. On Septem- 
ber 30 of las! year, it initiated proce- 
dures to seize another 3,900 acres ad- 
joining Groom Lake, effectively sealing 
off two public viewing sites of a base il 
refuses to admit exists. 

By perpetuating such disinformation, 
if that Is, in fact, what's happening, the 
Air Force might be using a page torn 
from the Soviet Union's Cold War play- 
book. James Oberg, a senior space en- 
gineer and author of Red Star in Orbit. 
a critical analysis of the Soviet space 

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' " ie tfiat 9 died was fire c 
cancer pre , as pain drugs lost tfietr now . . . 
SJ told tfiem qo afiead and tfirooj tfie dice' 
surrender to l/ie cryogenic cold 
ifiese old and torn, worn and stilcfied remains 
of me Soda I fiat Vso a f adit/ c 

of the bodg that J so g tad it/ c 
ihrouafi one lifeS, t/ie first t/fes. piec 
-Jemporary dealfi . Stce to freeze those sores. 

yf it's real dealfi, then it is not fling m 

Une ciiance of dealfi was fiaured in Ixjv piiuv: 
tfie price tfiat left mu fieirs a little poor. 
Mul 9 would ratner put ' mu life on ice . . . 

St'm old enougfi to fnow wfiat life is a/orlfi— 
quite old, out still too young for asfi or earth. 


I toured their faciory. I saw the piac 
where what was left of me would tin 

A pool of nitrogen, wherein we gue; 
will sleep for ages, wailing for [he r; 
of future not-quite- mortals who'll era 

Dught Ui 
our frozen bones wil 
is up to us: to fin< 

in that luture world. 

again The re 
But what caught at 

into limbo. That tuture paradise 
was too remote (and wasn't guaranteed]. 
Pain flame and cryogenic reservoir: 
Ihe firsl time that I died was fire and ice. 

The final months of life, I had to bide, 
and let Ihe cancer win. An accident, 

any end that's swift, convenient — 

would mean Ihe brain would start to die without 

the tubes and wires in place to save the cells 

thai make us who we are. A final bout 

with pain, indignity, hospital smells 

and lights and noise, noise. 

Then death. And then 
the blood sucked out, replaced with slippery stuff 
that doesn't freeze. The pool of nitrogen . . . 
but I could feel. I wasn't dead enough. 
At least it was relief from uncontrolled 
cancer fire, as parn drugs lost their hold. 

I do remember that the doctors said 

nor skin for silence, dark, and cold. Bui I 
suspect that they could fell I wasn't dead. 
I wonder if they knew this gelid bed 

but IK 

Recalling every kid I tattled on 
Recapitulating every mean 
seduction, lie, double cross and vice 

that soured my eighty years. Would I have gi 
if I had known what I was getting when 
I told them go ahead and throw the dice? 

Not quite dead. I wondered if they knew — 
I wondered — then for more 
I plotted, and I swore 
a sick revenge on that unholy crew, 
who locked me in this frozen cell, this brew 
of steamy cold. 

But slowly, reason bore 


dull fruit: since no one yet had come ashore 
from this frigid sea, they had no clue 
to hint that we might dream as well as sleep. 
And though it felt like centuries that rolled 
along, waiting for this sudden leap 
of logic— it was moments, rendered old 
and slow in this frozen brain's deep 
surrender to the cryogenic cold. 

I know I lost my mind, knowing ths 
that if I slept for just one hundred years 
before the warming metamorphosis, 

and pains recalled — a track of frozen tears 

and silent screams that crawled its creeping way 

of ice reserved for those who have to pay 
the price for playing God. 

I screamed away 
a few millenniums in that cold hell, 
or maybe microseconds. I didn't stay 
insane for longer than Rome rose and fell. 

Please. Thaw or kill these frozen brains; 

these old and torn, worn and stitched. remains. 

Time. I had time. Dust turns into stars, 
stars turn into rock, in the millenniums 
I screamed away in madness. But as the sun 
will one day cool to red, to brown, to black; 
so cooled my lunacy. If it left scars, 

li ;ilaij piiiil 1'iii priceless plenum: 

back from such a long and twisted track. 

I do remember crazy people. Poor 
Bernice, who had it all: cool intelligence, 
beauty, youth, my love. The way lhat she 
destroyed that body makes me glad to be 

of the body that I so gladly wore. 

What I'd seen as prison was complete 

freedom!— inconceivable to those 

who simply live Bars of time enclose 

your cage: your heart will beat Iwo billion beats 

and then your mind will stop. My mind cheats 

the grave; my body will not dcccnposc 

not the mind, but just the dying meat. 

si quite lifeless, cold beyond cold 
lunctions well enough, and still maintains 
kind of fond remembrance for the slab 
; meal that brought me, more or less who 

Other Games May Talk. 

This One Has a Voice. 

Star Trek: The Ncxf Generation's 

Patrick Stewart 


The Dark Army is on the move, led by the shape- 
shifting sorceress Scotia — and each ti 

her she'll be more powerful and terrifying 
than the last But your powers can grow, too. 
I A|ienein.e(i-ha-cd (_har.ii.KT .k-Y./lnpni.Ti. in.i 
great warnon of those who take anus (in real-ti 
combat) against a sea of indescribable i 

and makes mighty 
wizards of those 
who cast Larger- 
Than-Life spells. 


through one life'; "ho .'re; .'fc's. pleasures and pains. 

Perhaps I Ihink about this body more 
now thai I'm detached (com it. The pain 
as eight years of unrelenting drain 
(ewed my life— spattered it with gore 
and rot!— penetrated to the core 
of whatever self we have. The Drain 
; not the "self," I know. But it's plain 
nat something like a sell will be restored. 

anything's restored. They gave no bond. 
o guarantee. I gladly paid the lab 
>r this most expensive and, of course, 
■ricetess, gift, to find myself beyond 

temporary death. Ice to freeze those sores. 

•njriK-i'ii'in'a diffcor-t Sonv.ahi-ig's happening. 
I hear a sound, like a flute that's purring low 
and softly. Then, dim colors sparkling 
at the edge of vision. A smell of snow- 
not a smell remembered, but a true 
perception ... the smell of liquid nitrogen? 
The colors merge into a solid blue; 
1 suddenly, all over, feel my skin 
screaming pain, beyond the cancer pain, 
shrieking now from skin through gut and bone— 
and then it stops. The senses dead again, 
but now the body absolutely gone. 

A different kind of numbness from before . . . 

if it's real death, then it is nothing more. 

But then I heard my ramo Net as a word 

so much as a thought— but it was an alien thought, 

that didn't come from me! The Outside sought 

attention, the warm Outside. I said I'd heard, 

and in a microsecond they transferred 

a trillion bits of truth: the life I'd bought 

was ready to be claimed. I could be thawed . . . 

at least the brain. The body's dead, interred. 

Which is what 

d felt. Of course it 


They had a ne 

h young body they 


me to. A good 

chance, but 1 die if 

: flops 

Filty-fifty? No, a little less. 

The chance of 

death was figured i 


But this requir 

s some thought. 1 c 

iuld re 

for centuries ir 

this not unpleasanl 


Be content to 

a metaphor m 

de frozen flesh— my fate. 

at very worst, 

o sit and glaciate 

in ponderous - 

enility. At best. 


a simple winking out. I did debate 
this for a blink or Iwo. But my bequest 
to my future self was not a slow 
surrender: millenniums of icy rest. 

They claimed I could be lhawed. So here's the test. 
Let's throw the dice. That was the reason for 
the price that left my heirs a little poor. 

It only worked part way. I felt the cold 
diminish at what seemed a rapid pace- 
then realized what it was! The old 
ice -on -skin sensation on my face 
and body, new body: tingling, then I braced 
for pain, for frostbite pain not quite controlled 
by drugs . . it didn't come. The doctors raced 
to save my future self They lost their hold. 

I lost a neuron here and there, but wound 
up pretty much the same, in this nice 
private cryogenic paradise. 
They'd olfered me a choice: be wheeled around 
in some robot thing, alive though bound. 
But I would rather put my life on ice. 

Again and then again they tried. Technique 
improved, and after only forty years — 
l twenty bodies— this antique 

linked, E 


: and white and glare: tl 

where I had gone lo die Iwo centuries before. 

I braced for pain, but it didn't come. 

They'd fixed that part. The body that I bore 

was male and young, but weak. Too weak to rise 

A nurse, in accents very strange, said Wait. 

A month or two of painful exercise 

and you will be . . . whoever you create. 

So hurl me. More than anyone on earth. 

I'm otd enough to know what life is worth. 

years enough tc 
This antique bra 

a body thai would last. So now we all 
slip forward to our future life, deprived 
of death unless we want to die. Life palls. 

rl f:fl I 

and hope to persevere ui 
it death of the universe. W 

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Omni cannot endorse Ihe veracity of the s 
nary tales like these require extraordinary levels of 
proof certainly not furnished in our pages, nor. we 
feel, anywhere else. Tntit said, we'll got to the fun part. In 
the pages that follow, you'll find strange tales ol alien 
intrigue and UFO woe. Decide for yourself: Are these the 
ravings of demented hoaxers and madmen or revelations of 
truth? Their stones, delivered in dossier format, have been 
edited Irom interviews conducted by author A. J, S. Rayl 
during the past year. 

NATO Meets E.T. 

Name: Robert O. Dean, retired Army command ser- 
geant major 

Claim: Back in Ihe Sixties, NATO issued a classified 
report stating that UFOs were real, ol extraterrestrial origin, 
and had visited the earth. This extraordinary report was 

preme Headquarters Allied Powers, Europe (SHAPE), lo- 
cated then just outside of Paris, France. 

Background: Dean, a highly decorated veteran, served 
on the front lines in both Korea and Vietnam. In 1963, while 
assigned to the !:k. promo Hc-adqjri'K:^ Operations Center 
(SHOD), SHAPE'S war room, headed up by then-supreme 
allied commander of Europe, Gen. Lyman Lemnitzer, Dean 

e of those choice a 


security background checks. I applied on a whim and got 
it. 1 was very proud and pleased. At SHAPE, I was put 
through more security shocks, given a Cosmic Top Secret 
(yes, this is a real term) clearance, the highest NATO has, 
and assigned to the Supreme Headquarters Operations 
Center, known as SHOC, the NATO war room, in those 
days, the activity would run hot and cold and much of it 
would depend on how the Soviets wanted to play it. The 
mosl Intriguing thing to me was that we were continually 
having a problem with large, metallic, circular objects that 
would appear over central Europe; these were reported as 
visual phenomena by our pilots and appeared on radar as 
welt. Some flew in formation, and most of the lime we 
spotted them coming out of the Soviet Union, over East 
Germany, West Germany, France, and then they would 
r;i;on ci'clc- somcAhcrc over Ihe English Channel and head 
north, disappearing from NATO radar over Ihe Norwegian 
Sea. These objects were very large, moving very fast, at 
very high altitudes— higher than we could reach at the 
time — and they seemed obviously under intelligent control. 

"I was lold this had been going on tor some time and 
that in February 1961 there had been quite a scare. Fifty of 




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these objects were spotted on radar 
and headed in formation Irom the So- 
viet Union toward Europe. Hying at 
about 100.000 feet. The Soviets had 
closed all borders. Everybody went to 
red alert. All hell broke loose. We really 
thought 'The War' had started. We scram- 
bled. Wfe knew the Russians wore scram 
bling. It was the largest number ot 
these objects that had been seen. For- 
tunately—and only by the grace oi 
God— we didn't start bombing and nei- 

i-Deputy Su- 
preme Allied Commander of Europe, Sir 
Thomas Pike, had been repeatedly re- 
questing information from London and 
Washington about these objects, but 
nothing would ever come. We found out 
later that the Columbine-Topaz spy 
ring in Paris was intercepting everything 
and forwarding it to the KGB. which ol- 
li'.ri goi intelligence information oven be- 
fore we did. So Pike decided, I was 
told, to develop an m-house study to de- 
termine whether Ihese objects were a 
military threat. 

"In the meantime, the UFO matter lit- 
erally brought about the establishment 
of direct communication betweer 
East and West in 1962, which I ha\ 
ways found interesting and ironic 
had pretty well determined by 
time that these were not Russian craft, 
and the Russians had determined they 

derslanding, and a direct telephone 
line was opened between SHOC and 
the Warsaw Pact Headquarters Com- 
mand. Of course, a setup was always 
a possibility, so we had backup ways 
of checking out whether the Russians 
were being truthful. But since we were 
both armed to the teeth and Wbrid War 
III was just ticking away, it was a logi- 
cal step in the right direction. That idea 

stamped Cosmic Top Secret, had 

eight inches worth of appendices, doz- 
ens of photographs, and had been 
signed into the vault by German colo- 
nel Heinz Berger, SHOC's head of se- 
curity: I quickly learned that it was 
based on two and a hall years of re- 
search, was funded by NATO money, 
and that only 15 copies were pub- 
lished—in English, German, and 
French. Each one was numbered. All 
were classified and ordered to be kept 
under lock and key. 

"Every time I got the chance, from 
then until I lelt, I would read a section 
or two in it. It was the most intriguing 
document I'd ever read. II was put to- 
gether by military representatives ot eve- 
ry NATO nation and also included contri- 
butions from some of the greatest sci- 
entific minds. These objects were vio- 
lating all of our known laws of physics, 
and the study team had gone to Cam- 
bridge, Oxlord, the Sorbonne, MIT, and 
other major universities lor input on 
chemistry, physics, atmospheric phys- 
ics, biology, history, psychology, and 
even theology, all of which were sepa- 
rate appendices, 

"I read about theories on Einstein's 
sought-after unitied-field theory, the 
high radiation at various landing sites, 
and UFO reports thai dated back to the 
Roman era and up to our own F105 pi- 

and on. I had always been a skeptic, 
but this report, well ... it concluded 
thai this stuff was not science fiction. 
"I read aboul contact encounters. 
One incident that had jusl happened in 
1963 involved a landing on a Danish 
farm. According to the report, the farm- 


iking rr 

ally even talked about the possibilities. 
But nothing really prepared me for 
what I started to read in Ihe early morn- 
ing hours one nighl in January 1964. 

"It was about 2:00 a.m. and a rela- 
tively quiet night when the SHOC con- 
troller on duty went into the vault and 
came out with this huge document. 
'Take a look at this,' he said. The title 
was simply Assessment: An Evaluation 
of a Possible Military Threat to Allied 
Forces in Europe. It was numbered. #3, 

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spoke to him in Danish. The report ir 
eluded parts of his interrogation by gov- 
ernment authorities and their cor 
sions thai he was telling the truth. Ir 
other incident, according to Ihe reports, 
a craft landed on an Italian airfield and 
offered to lake an Italian sergeant for a 
ride. He wet his pants — that's what it 
said— and was so scared, he didn't go. 

"The appendit that really got tc 
was titled 'Autopsies.' I saw pictures of 
a 30-meter disc lhat had crashed in Tim- 
mensdorfer, Germany, near the Baltic 
Sea in 1961. The British Army, accord- 
ing to the report, got there first and r. 
up a perimeter. The craft had land 
in very soft, loamy soil near the Russi 
border and so hadn't destructed. t 
one-third ol it was buried in, We and t 
. who also quickly showed up, 
tracked it. 



ill dead. There w 

= pictures of the bod- 



Your own 


known as the "grays,' being laid out and 
then put on stretchers and loaded into 
jeeps, and autopsy photos, too. Some 
of the little grays appeared to nol be a 
reproductive-capable species. The au- 
topsy guys concluded, according to the 
report, that it looked as if Ihey had 

clones with no alimentary trad. They did 
not ingesl or process food as we know 
it. nor did it appear Lhat they had any 
system lor elimination 
"The craft itself \ 

iwDoys ard 

hauled off. Scuttlebi.r 
giyen to the Americana ard Mown to 
Wnght-Palterson A' Force case n 
Ohio I looked at these p>c:ures aid 

i j nikln't believe it. t,'-, w< i <)ol cole arc 
I thought, My God. I red rever really 

The major oonolua one in 'he NATO 
report blew me away, rhere were :,ve. 
1) The planet and human race had 
been the subject of a detailed .survey 
of some kind by several different extra- 
le'restnal civilizations, four of which 
Ihey had identified visually. One race 
looked almost indistinguishable from us. 
Another resembled humans in height, 
statute, and structure, but wilh a very 
gray, pasty skin 

now popularly known as the grays, and 
the fourth was described as reptilian, 
with vertical pupils and lizardlike skin. 
2] These alien visitations had been go- 
ing on for a very long time, at least 200 
years perhaps longer. 3] The extrater- 
restrials did not appear hostile since if 
lhat were their intent they would have 
already demonstrated their malevo- 
lence. 4) UFO appearances and quick 
disappearances as well as the flybys 
-lorsiraicrs r.onducled on pur- 
pose ic show us some of their capabil- 
ities t;) A process or program of some 
sort seemed to be underway since fly- 
■i,-- r>. -pressed to landings and even- 
lual y contact. 

I wanted so badly to copy this 
th ng i d.d take a photograph of the cov- 
er snoot, which wasn't in and of itself 
classified. But I didn't want to wind up 
In Foft Leavenworth. So instead I 
wouC go to the bathroom and take 
notCO surreptitiously, very carefully. 

"I have been through an awful lot in 
my life, but I've never been able to just 
walk away from that report. I know thai 
I'm taking a chance by violating my 
oaths. But this is the most important is- 
sue of our times- so damn important 
lhat I can't think of anything more im- 
portant, and the public has been de- 

years. It's the biggest scientific, politi- 
cal scandal ever. Besides, what have 
I got to lose? I'm 64 years old now. Are 
they going to bump me off? I have told 

the truth. My integrity and credibility 
stand. When is our government going 
to tell the truth?" 

Update: After 27 years of miliiary ser- 
vice, Dean retired and began another 
14-year career with the Pima County 
Sheriff's Department Emergency Ser- 
vices in Tucson, Arizona. In 1990. he 
gave a lecture at the University of Ari- 
zona in which he talked aboul UFOs. 
The talk garnered local media cover- 
age. Afterward, he was denied a pro- 
motion at Ihe Sheriff's Department, be- 
cause, he alleged, he believed in 
UFOs. Dean filed suit and won an out- 
of-court settlement in March 1992. Now 
retired. Dean has become a member of 
several UFO organizations and has 
begun giving occasional lectures. He is 
working through any and all legiiimale 
channels" to uncover a copy of the 
NATO document and to gallic-' witness- 
es for an open Congressional hearing 
on the subject of UFOs. 

Official Response: "Our list of classi- 
fied documents generated by SHAPE 

it that ti. 

titles similar to that cited ^by Mr. Dean." 
says Lt. Col. Plainer Otte, German Air 
Force, deputy chief, media section of 
Ihe pub lie -information office at SHAPE. 

under national eonrre :l 
Information on the security clearance 
that Mr. Dean held may— if ever— only 

The Critics' Corner- -This is a fascina> 
i.-irj SXi'y but iantastic c-aims like toso 
i'i-ji-(l more than one man's test mony to 
be credible." says Jerome Clark of the 
Center lor UFO Studies. "Unless inde- 
pendent verification comes forth, this re- 
mains Only an intngu ng anecdote roi 
utilise many others lhat have circulat- 
ed since Ihe early UFO era." 

sarly 1: 

eof n 

spacecralt being researched and 
tesled on the Nellis Air Flange in cen- 
tral Nevada. 

Background: From 1982 to 1984, 
Lazar claims he worked al Los Alamos 
National Laboratory in New Mexico in 
the Meson Physics lab with a Q-level se- 
curity clearance. In 1985, while on va- 
c-alien m Nevada, he wound up buying 
into a legal Reno brothel; the investment 
proved so profitable that he didn't 

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for a ' 

1986. In 1988, he wanted to get back 

into scientific work and was hired, he 
says, to work on the top-secret Project 
Galileo. Lazar passed a ire-detector 
test in 1989, arranged by George 
Knapp, then an anchorman for K LAS- 
TV, the CBS affiliate in Las Vegas, Ne- 
vada, for a spec al loca ly aireo series. 
UFOs; The Best Evidence. 

The Story: "In 1988, 1 decided to reen- 
ter the scientific community and sent 
resumes to various people. Finally, I in- 

voted to the study of nine dis^ v !•.;«-;: 
extraterrestrial craft that were soro-now 
acquired by the U.S. government 

"I was assigned back engmeenrg 
tasks on the reactor and grav ry propul 
sion system of one of the c" 
tially to help figure out what made ■! 
work. I don't know whether >i wa« » 
crash retrieval, although I doubt il be- 
cause the disc didn't appear damaged 
in any way. In the briefing reports, 
there were pictures of several discs 
along with some of Ihe information 
they had already obtained from back en- 


was stunned at 
e time, f 

I exhilarated al 

■I- .litii-;: 


sail I 

"Not long after, I was flown along 
withseveralothersouttoarea51 on the 
Nellis Air Range. There, we were put on 
a bus with blacked-out windows and driv- 
en about 15 miles south to the Papoose 
dry lake bed, bordered by the Papoose 
Mountains, where there was an instal- 
lation they called 'S4.' 

"I was introduced to my supervisor 
and a co-worker and then given a 
stack of briefings on various p.'0|>scts. 
including Project Galileo, which was de- 

guards everywhere, 
wasn't exactly the kin 
where you could just start asking any 
and every question you had. Security, 
in fact, was oppressive. You were es- 
corted everywhere, even the bathroom. 
And if your I.D. badge was jusl the slight- 
est bit out of place, you would be tack- 
led by a guard and held with a gun to 
your head until your supervisor arrived. 
And the guards lived for that. 

just surreal. There was a poster of the 

disc I was working on, which I dubbed 
the Sport Model, on several walls. It 
read, They're here. 

I :valt with only the power sources 
.i f iiivpulsion systems on one of the 
discs and I did enter that one disc on 
so.cial occasions. The disc was approx- 
imately 15 feet tall and about 52 feet " 

" had the appearant 
brushed stainless steel or brushed alu- 

know il it was metal, but I did run my 
hands down the side of it getting in, and 
it felt cold, like metal, and it looked like 

welds or bolts or rivets, and it looked 
as if it were injection molded. 

much loo small to comfortably handle 
an averaged-sized human, I bumped 
my head on the ends of the craft, so f 
concluded that the ceiling curved 
down to below five teet, 11 inches in- 
side. There was not a right angle cut 
anywhere in Ihe craft. Everything had 
a smooth curve to it. 

"The reactor, which produced anli- 
vith matter 

s rolally si 



about 18 inches indiameter and 12 irn 
es tall and was located in the center ol 
the disc. It operaled like a tiny ballet, 
where everything that happened relied 
on the effect before it. The way it ac- 
celerated protons inside of it, the way 

netgy. II 

it any wasted 
-as phenome- 

approaching a 100-perceni dynam- 
ic efficiency. Now that seems impossi- 
ble when you consider the laws of ther- 
modynamics. All I can say is that this 
technology is well beyond anything 
lhat we now know with our twentieth- 
century knowledge. 

'■The rt 


ment that is nt 

t found here 

n Earth. 

Part of my con 

ibution to the 


t where this 

plugged into th 

3 periodic char;. :\'o I it 

didn't plug in anywhere, so w 


number of 1 

been theorized for some time 

ments around 

13, 114, and 

become stable 

this is apparently what we wer 


Element 115 is 

cm bi.l 

■iereslmq properties. It 

ide the react: 

le source of i 

I energy 

field accessec 

and amplified by the 

ginning to lift off. Except for a slight hos- 
ing, it made no noise. It lifted to about 
3D feet off the ground. The hissing 
stopped, and it just hung silently in the 
air, moving to the left, then right. It was 
absolutely amazing. 

"The way information is compartmen- 
talized, that's alt the hands-on informa- 
tion and experience I was allowed to 
have access to, though wc were given 
the chance on occasion and only for 
short periods of lime to reac: briefing re- 
ports that detailed other aspects of 
this project. The reports I read that 
dealt with power and propulsion sys- 

to myself by working on the system. 
Still. I draw a hard line between what I 
know to be true and what I read in Ihe 
nihei ii'icfing reports. 

"With that understanding. I did read 
reports about the origin of this disc. Ac- 
cording to one of the briefings, it came 
from the Zeta Heticuli sfar system. Now 
obviously I didn't fly in a craft or go to 
that star system, so 1 don'l really know 

i:--ii'Hi.: b.iok again and again. 

"Anyway, the third time we got 
caught by the Wackenhut Security 
guards out on the Bureau of Land Man- 
agement land that surrounds the 
range. They turned me in. Needless to 
say, officials at Mellis weren't happy. I 
went through a debriefing and was 
threatened at that time. I was scared 
and felt that I needed to break away 
from this before I couldn't. 

"Not only did I believe this technol- 
ogy should be given to the greater sci- 
entific community, but I also believed 
my only protection was to get the story 
out. A friend convinced me to lalk lo 
George Knapp at KLAS-TV. I figured if 
they killed me, then it would simply 
prove that what I was saying was true. 

"There are many scientists who the- 
orize that there simply cannot be extra- 
terrestrial aiscs here, lhat aliens could 
nol oossibly have come here specifical- 
ly, because the distance traveled is too 
great and the energy required loo awe- 

eled and propelled by virtue 
of eiemenl 115. 

"There was a storage of sil- 

per-orange color and ;->:i 
ly heavy. While it was not 
oactive, we assumed il 

guently handled it as such. 
"In all the discs at S' 
there were three gravity an 
plnors posilioned in a triad at the oase 
of the craft. These were the propulsior 
devices. Essentially, what they did was 
amplify gravity waves out of phase 
with those of the earth. The crall oper- 






3 thai c 


l contact \ 

;h indicated hi 

t many gravity ai 

configu-alion. only one amplifier was 
used; Ihe olher two were swung out of 
the way and tucked inside the disc. In 
omicron mode, the crafts can essential- 
ly rise and hover but do little else. To 
leave the atmosphere, however, all 
three gravey amp'ifie's have to be pow- 
ered up and focused on the desired lo- 
cation. Finally, the crafts do not travel 
in a linear mode. Rather, we determined 
that the discs produced their own grav- 
itational fields in order lo distort time 
and space and essentially pull their 
destinations to them. 

"One afternoon, my colleagues and 
I walked out onto the dry lake bed. The 
disc on which we had been working, 
the Sport Model, had already been 
moved out of the hangar and was be- 

in code. Also, according lo the report, 
these beings told our officials that ihey 
had been coming here for 10,000 
years, that humans are the product of 
externally corrected evolution, and 
that they were integral to the acceler- 
aied evolulion of man, 

"My tolerance for the intensive secu- 
rity rapidly diminished. Because ci the 
24-hour telephone surveillance, tney 
found out I was having ■"na'rtal proh'e"s 
and told me the situation had made me 
a candidate for 'emotional instability.' 
They then look my security clearance and 
told me I could reapply in si* months. 

"Wfell, l knew the lest schedule, and 

ed to show some friends from a dis- 
tance what I had been working on. Vfe 

light. What I reported is 
what I experienced, though 
in some respects I regret go- 
ing public. If I had it to do 
over again, I might be more 
inclined to slay on as one of 

Update: In 1990, after 

from Project Galileo, he ac- 
cepted a freelance job set- 
ting up a database and sur- 
veillance system for an ille- 
gal Las Vegas brothel. That gig even- 
tually garnered him six felony counts, 
including aiding and abetting a prosti- 
lule, running a house of prostitution, 
and living off the earnings ol a prosti- 
tute. The charges were quickly 
dropped to a single lelony count of pan- 
dering. The one good thing that came 
out of the resu.ting trial. Lazar says, s 
that he's not being followed anymore— 
at least not to his knowledge. "I guess 
they figured the pandering conviction 
d scr«ii:ed me." he 

Lazar currently earns 
two small companies, f 
eomraehrg iirn: liial 'on 
vices, and a pholo lab. 
jetcars. Ar 

■ i9S-i. ■: 

O'V v t ,ar 

iefore Ju- 

staged Desert Blast, which 
he says is the "the largest illegal fire- 
works show in the West" This annual 
pyrotechnic extravaganza features 
huge fireworks and assorted gas 
bombs made by Lazar and friends as 
jet car demonstratioi 



jr recently s< 
;king 01 

I rights and 

Official Response: "The Air Force com- 

anything that goes on at the Nellis 
Range," says Air Force Master Sgl. J. 
C. Ma re on of Public Aflairs. Meanwhile, 

according loT" nni; ,ii nil Herder- 

son of Public Affairs, "The Air Force has 
no record that Lazar ever worked at Nel- 
lis Air Force Base, though we have com- 
"st of inquiries as to 

The Critics' Corner: "We've pretty 
well determined that Lazar did work al 
Los Alamos, but it's been impossible to 
verify exactly what he did," says Mark 
Ffodeghier, scientific director of the 
Center for UFO Studies. "As for element 
115, physicists admit that such an 
element is theoretically possible, but 
we don't know how to manufacture it or 
where to get it. So. Lazar's claim to 
have worked with this element is not 

I ivalkeci i?i;o police headquarters and 
the desk sergeant started to laugh. He 
said a couple of the guys had been out 
chasing UFOs. Nothing, however, was 
in the blotter. I told him to put it in. 

."When our base commander came 
in, we both chuckled. Neither of us be- 
lieved in UFOs, but we did decide to 
look into it. Before we had the chance, 
two nights later, the duty flight command- 
er for the security police unit rushed in 
to a belated Christmas party white as 
a sheet. 'The UFO is back.' he said. 

"I was asked to investigate I 
changed into a utility uniform, then head- 


a jeep to the edge of Vr 


i, but it 

About a dozen of < 
ready there. Our light-alls (large gas- 
powered lights] wouldn't work, and 
there was so much static and constant 
interference on our radios that we had 
to set up a relay. There was increasing 
commotion. I was delermined to show 

unverifiable. Finally, he i 
enough to have really worked 
at Area 51 or Dreamland 
where secret aircra". are last- 
ed, but his story remains a 
murky mystery. The bottom 
line: It's impossible to verify. 
So far, we have not found any- 
one to corroborate the essen- 
tials of what Lazar says." 

ik half a c 
headed into the w 

in foot tc 

Baffled at Bentwaters 

Name: Col. Charles I. 
Halt, U. S. Air Force, retired 

Claim: In late December 
1980, while serving as dep- 
uty base commander at Bentwaters Air 
Base in southern England, Halt wit- 
nessed and investigated several anom- 
alous objects in the skies over the Ren- 
delsham Forest, which separates the 
American installation Irom its twin Roy- 
al Air Force base, Woodbridge. The 
sightings occurred on two separate 
nights during the week after Christmas. 
Two weeks later. Halt sent a report 
about the strange encounters to the Brit- 
ish Ministry ol Defense. 

Background: A career Air Force offi- 
cer. Halt served in Vietnam and on var- 
ious bases before arriving at Bentwa- 
ters in 1980. He was promoted to base 
commander in 1984. Halt later served 
as base commander at Kunsan Air 
Base, Korea, and as director of the inspec- 
tions directorate for the Department of 
Defense inspector general. He retired 
in 1991. Hall is the first USAF officer 
since Project Blue Book ended to have 
filed a memo on unidentified flying ob- 
jects and gone public with the details. 

The Story: "Just after Christmas, 
about 5:30 a.m., December 26, 1980, 






moved in a 20- to 30-degree horizontal 
arc Strangely, it appeared to be drip- 
ping what looked like molten steel out 
of a crucible, as if gravity were some- 
how pulling it down. Suddenly, it explod- 
ed— nol a loud bang, just booompf — 
and broke into five white objects that 
scattered in the sky. Everything except 
our radios seemed to return to normal. 
"Vife went to the end of the farmer's 
property to get a different perspective. 
In the north, maybe 20 degrees off the 
saw three white objects— 
j a quarter moon but a lit- 

im, making sharp, angular 
. The objects eventually 
turned from elliptical to round. 

"I called the command pesi. asked 
them to call Eastern Radar, responsible 
for air defense of that sector. Twice they 
reported that they didn't see anything. 

"Suddenly, from the south, a differ- 
ent glowing object moved toward us at 
ci rate of speed, came within sev- 
eral hundred feet, and then 
i lapped A pencil I ike beam, 
iix to eight inches in diame- 
er. shot from this thing right 
feet. Seconds 

horizon. ■,< 
lie arqer. 
lights on - 


"The objects in the 
were still dancing in tf 



ing where liiw r ill i: jl incident had iupp >v 
edly taken place. We found three dis- 
tinct indentations '"'< r||, 3 ground equidis- 
tant apart and pressed well into the 
sandy soil. They were supposedly 
caused by the object seen two nights 
before, but I didn't see anything, silling 
there that night. Neither did anybody 

"Inside the triangular area formed by 
the indentations, one of the men got 
slightly higher readings on the Geiger 
counter than he did outside. He photo- 
graphed the area, and I look a soil sam- 
ple. Meanwhile. I recorded this activity 
on my i n i croc asset I e recorder. 

"We knew the Orford Ness light- 
house beacon beamed Irom the south- 
east. All ol a sudden, 

ib out But 

■ light- 

oval shaped, glowing, with a black 
ter— 10 to 15 feet off the ground, mo 
ing through the trees. Beyond the cle= 
ing was a barbed-wire fence, farmer 
field, house, 
were making a lot of noise. 

"We ran toward the light up to 

things o 
'The film turnec 
fogged; nothing car 
a staff sergeant later maae 
olaster castings of the indentations, and 
I had the soil sample. 

"Around New Year's Eve, I took state- 
had taken part in the initial incident. The 
reports were nearly identicaL 

'"Basically, they reported this: In the 
early morning hours of December 26, 
one ol the airmen drove to the back 
gate at Woodbridge on a routine secu- 
rity check. He saw lights in the forest, 
specifically a red light, and thought may- 
be an airplane had crashed. He radi- 

tower, but the tower reported nobody 
was flying. 

"Eventually, a group headed out to 
the forest. They reported sfrange nois- 

two nights lafer. 

"As they approached the clearing, 
they reported seeing a large yellowish- 
white light with a blinking red light on the 
upper center portion and a steady blue 
light emanating from underneath. The low- 
er again reported nothing on radar. 

"A few of the men moved to within 

20 or 30 feel. Each said the same 
thing independently -a triangular- 
shaped metallic object, about nine 
feet across the base, six feet high, ap- 
peared to be sitting on a tripod. They 
split up, walked around the craft. One 
of the men apparently tried to get on 
Ihe craft, but. they said, it levitated up. 

"All three of the guys hit the ground 
as the craft moved quickly in a zigzag- 
ging manner through the woods toward 
the field, hitting some trees on the way. 
They got up and approached again, 
but the object rose up, and then it dis- 
appeared at great speed. 

"Finally, on January 13, 1981. I 
wrote a memo to the British Minislry of 
Defense. Despite my efforts, lo my knowl- 
edge, no one from any intelligence or 
government agency ever came on 
base to investigate. 

"I have never sought the limelight, 

lri::iiii.:i,:Ll !.:■!.■: ■ i ■:.:■ 1 1 i Irom I! 


anted b 

what those ob- 
. I don't know anybody who 
aoes. aut something as yel unex- 
plained happened out Ihere." 

Update: In 1983. a copy of Halt's 
memo to the British MOD was released 
through the Freedom of Information Act 
(FOIA). Shortly thereafter, a copy of the 
18-minule audiolap.- oi Ihe nv..<osliuatio , "i 
Halt conducted was given to a British 
UFOIogist by. Hall says, another Air 
Force officer. Both have made the 
rounds within the UFO community 

As a result, Halt says he has been 
"harassed" by UFOIogists and fanatics. 
While half a dozen men assisted Hall's 
investigalion and dozens of others 
were near Ihe scene, only a handful of 
witnesses have come forward. At least 
one of them, Halt says, is spreading dis- 
information, consequently, media cov- 
erage has been inaccurate al bcsl. For 
instance, he says, "The stories about 
holographiclike aliens emerging from 
their craft are pure fiction." 

Otticial Response: "The Air Force 
stopped investigating UFOs in 1969 
when Project Blue Book was completed." 
says Air Force spokesman Maj. Dave 
Thurston, based in Washington, DC. 

The Critics' Corner: "The UFO you 

almost certainly the lighthouse beacon 
in my opinion, because Ihe peak inter- 
val between their descriptions of it gel- 
ting brighter, then dimmer, is the time 
of rotation of the beacon, which was 
about ten miles away," says UFO skep- 
tic Philip Klass. "Even though they said 
fhey saw numerous lights in the night sky. 
one of every three UFOs reported 
a bright celestial body." 
a a case of magical mml-.- 

ing— a situation where a bunch of peo- 
ple got excited about different things 
they correlated in their mind," says UFO 
M-ivesiicjKior James McGaha, fechnica 
consultanl lo the Committee for the Sci 
entific Investigation ol Claims of the Par 
anormat and a retired Air Force pilot, 
who traveled to England, surveyed the 

"Consider these facts: On the night of 
December 25 to 26, at 9:10 p.m. ~ 
sian satellite Cosmos 746 reenter 
atmosphere over England and ap- 
peared as a bright object. At 2:50 i 
a fireball entered ihe atmosphere 
Woodbridge. At 4:11 a.m., a British po- 
lice car with a blue strobe light on top 
and other lights altached lo the uric" 
riage responded to a telephone 

through the forest. 

"Hall's memo reports that on the sec- 
ond night, they saw two ob|OC:R in the 
north, one in the soulh. On that night, 
three of Ihe brightest stars were visible— 
Vega and Deneb in the north. Sirius in 
the soulh. And clearly, the strange red 
light mer-.iirewl on (he audio tape is the 
Orford Ness Lighthouse beacon. Be- 
yond that, the morning after Ihe first 
night, British officers identified the in- 
dentations as rabbit diggings. The Gei- 
ger counter readings were of back- 
ground radiation. Nothing appeared on 
radar thai night, either, and no one in 
either base tower reported anything un- 
usual. Furthermore, no civilians report- 
ed seeing or hearing anything. "OQ 

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^aag— !i in 


The Great High-Rise 

N^ Abduction 

Whatever spin you put on it, it's definitely the case of the century 

It was cold and clear, about 

e Brooklyn Bridge and finally plunged into the East Riv 

. Or so the story goes. 


Budd Hopkins, a world-class n 
ist who has recently become 
his books. Missing Time and 
detailing his 18 years of investigate 
to claims thai thousands of pi 
have been abducted by UFOs. . 

West Side reveals the profound influ- 
ence these so-called abductions have 
had on his art. Scattered around the 
room are colorful, profile-shaped paint- 
ings he calls "guardians" that evoke noth- 
ing if not the aliens in question. Indeed, 
as Hopkins describes his work, his 
dan--., thick eyebrows dance with enthu- 
siasm; these days, it is the bizarre 
lales of UFOs and the nasty creatures 
i, plucking in Moments 
niddie of the 

the army of 

hounded him for 

years. Unlike the thousands of other ab- 

■ i.: i:v w r lira 

er that was lurnea into a leievisiun 

miniseries in 1992. Clearly, no one has 

done more than Hopkins to bring this 
strange phenomenon to public aware- 
ness. Even more to the point, no one 
has had greater success in getting sci- 
entist:; and mental health professionals 
to take a serious look at abductions. 

So it's no surprise thai when 
Hopkins began touting his lafest case 
as the strongest evidence yet for 
UFOs, their alien occupants, and their 
systemalic abduction of human beings, 
people listened. But as the pieces of 
Ihe puzzle were revealed, critics began 
charging that rather than prove his 
point, Hopkins had fallen victim to the 
s fantasy of a bored housewife 
i complex hoax. Indeed, said his 
j outrageous was the tale 
and so fragile the evidence for it, it had 
back'irerj. destroying his credibility and 
bringing down his body of work like a 

ed to one mind-boggling tale. 

It started early in 19BS. Linda had 

just bought Kitty Kelly's biography of 
Frank Sinatra and another book, which 
she took to be a mystery. The other 
book was Intruders by Budd Hopkins. 
By the end of the first chapter, she was 
stumped: Aliens had left mysterious im- 
plants in people's brains and noses, 
and that lasf liftle bit bothered her. Thir- 
teen years before, she had found a 
lump on the side of her nose and had 
gone to a specialist who said it was built- 
up cartilage left over from a surgical 
scar. But she had never had any such 
si.-rgory even as a child, she said. 
Linda then took my linger and put it on 
her nose: Yes, I could feel a very slight 
bump on her upper right nostril. But 
there had to be more than this, 1 
thought. There was. 

' "' i finally coniacted 


cided to expk 

b Lin- 

the vernacular, I 

a Very Important Person. 

"The implication." Hopkins 








just Linda. UFOs? N aw." 

Hopkins says he learned 
otherwise. He reo/as-secl I i"- 
da to age 8, enabling her to 
recall an episode in which 
she thought she glimpsed 
the cartoon character rjas- 
per, of Casper the Friendly 
Ghost fame. But under hyp- 
nosis, her memory of Casper 
turned out to be a large, top- 
shaped object that she'd 
i flying ai 


i. The fn 

story came to public attention in 1966 
and involved the now-notorious New Eng- 
land couple. Betty and Barney Hill. Un- 
der hypnosis, the Hills recalled being 
snatched from their car and examined 
by small creatures aboard a flying sau- 
cer. But it would take another decade, 
a few more headline-grabbing abduc- 
' finally, the ' 


n story before 

e popular 

ii I lopkin: 

broadcast of H" 
tales of alie 
bedded in I 

The stage was now set 

to emerge as the leading authority on 
abductions. It happened in 1981 with 
the publication of his book, Missing 
Time, in which he suggested that the 
abduction experience was much more 
widespread than anyone had imagined. 
For Hopkins, the plight of the abductee 
became a personal crusade, and be- 
fore long, he would be lecturing on the 
subject across the country, appearing 

The Story certainly is a h.,ii:dn(ier. 
with more twists and turns than Califor- 
nia's Highway 1 and more mystery char- 
acters than a Le Carre spy thriller. "It's 
a crazy, endless saga," says Hopkins, 
including such elements as secret 
agents, attempted murder, and two 
high-level political figures, Mikhail Gor- 
bachev one of them. 

The central character in the case is 

name revealed. She lives in Lower Man- 
hattan, and on the very hot spring day 
I went to meet her, I came to appreci- 
ate why the aliens had decided to 
grab her through Ihe window. It certain- 
ly beats penetrating a locked gate and 
Ihe scrutiny of a guard, ineri lakinfj a-p 
elevator up 12 stories and winding 
your way through a corridor to her 
place. When I knocked on fhe door. I 
was greeted by an attractive, lortyish 
woman with brown, almond-shaped 
eyes and long, flowing brown hair. We 
sat down on her couch, and as her air 
conditioner blasted arctic air and she 
smoked a dozen cigarettes. I was Ireal- 

street from her childhood 
home in Manhattan. Hopkins came to 
suspect that she had been abducted 

vited her to join his support group for 

"I remember sitting there bug-eyed 
lisit-nhq lo these people," says Linda. 
"I felt strange the first time, but after 
that I felt better." 

Finally, on No' 
very agitated Lim 

She had gone t< 

ir 30, 1989. i 

called Hopkins 
abducted again. 

s before 3:00 a.m., be- 
cause she'd been up doing the laun- 
dry. Towels and blue jeans for four 
take eons to dry in her small dryer, she 
explained. Her husband, who normally 
worked nights, was on jury duly that 
week and so was home and asleep in 
the bedroom. She showered, got into 
bed. and lying o-i lici back, clasped ny 
hands and began reciting "Our Father" 
to herself, a habit she carried over into 
adulthood from her Roman Catholic up- 
ijrrv.j ng. Then si 


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Paper-thin bulletproof 
vests. TO lb bridge ih*iL 
can support a train. 

Telephone recording 
studio with legendarv 
producer Phil Ramone 
and sax star Dave Koz. 
The Steadi-cam. 

MJ; : HH 

The Hovercraft. Portable 
burglar alarm. Computer- 
designed socks. 
,1 Inside the gambling 
industry's electronic 
surveillance system. 

"I was awake but had my eyes 

knew it wasn't my husband; he was snor- 
ing away. Then I lay there wondering, 
Did I lock the door? Is il one o! the 
kids?" She called out the names ol her 
[wo boys and finally reached out for her 

fael a numbness crawl up from her 

group exploring her past abductions, 
she recognized what that meant. It's 
now or never, she thought and opened 
her eyes. At the foot of the bed, says 
Linda, stood a small creature with a 
large head and huge black eyes. "I 
screamed and yelled," she says, "and 
then threw my pillow. The creature fell 
back." Alter thai, she has only frag- 
ments of conscious memory — a white 
fabric going over her eyes: little alien 
hands pounding up and down her 
back; suddenly falling back into bed. 
It was a quarter to 5:00 in the morn- 
ing when Linda jumped out of bed, ran 
into the kids' room, and discovered, she 
says, that "they weren't breathing." Hys- 
terical, she retrieved a small mirror 
trom the bathroom and placed it under 
their noses. Suddenly, a mist formed on 
the mirror, she says, and she heard her 
husband snoring in the other room. 
They were all alive. Linda, in shock, sat 
on the floor in the hallway between the 

called Hopkins. 

I had actually been fi 
le apartment. They ha 
n through tl 


dared, where, floating in midair, she 
saw a bright bluish-white light. She was 
a : r,:ini of fa ling and embarrassed, think- 
ing her nightgown had gone over her 
head. She moved up into the craft and 
then found herself sitting on a table. The 
creatures around her, she says, were 
scraping her arms— "like taking skin sam- 
ples," she speculates, and pounding 
mt up and down her 
abduction lare. to say 

unite atypical •: witil ;il -.■■:;)■: :fl v 'iap- 
pened 15 months later. In February 
* 99 1 . i lopKins received a typewritten let- 
ter from two people claiming to be po- 
lice officers. Late in 1989. the letter 
said, the two had witnessed a "tittle 
girl or woman wearing a full white night- 
gown" floating out of a twelfth-floor apart- 
ment window, escorted by three "ugly 
but small humanlike creatures" into a 
very large hovering oval that eventual- 
ly turned reddish orange. The object, 
the letter added, flew over their heads, 

over the Brooklyn Bridge, and plunged 
into the East River. They wondered il 
the woman was alive, though they 
wished to remain anonymous to protect 
their careers They signed the letter 
with lirsl names only — Richard and Dan. 
Hopkins was astonished. "I realized 
immediately that the woman they had 

said. "The account seemed to corrob- 
orate the time, date, and details of her 
abduction. Here, finally, were independ- 
ent, seemingly reputable witnesses to 
an abduction." 

When Hopkins iirst called Linda to 
tell her, she replied, "That can't be pos- 
sible." Then she wondered if she and 
Budd were the victims of a cruel joke. 
But all suspicions vanished one evening 
a lew weeks later, she says, when Rich- 
ard and Dan showed up at her door. 

"Police," they announced. Linda 
looked through the peephole and saw 
two men in plain clothes flashing a 
gold badge. "So I let them in,'" said 
Linda, "and they looked at me kind of 
funny. When they introduced them- 
selves as Dan and Richard, my stom- 
ach dropped to the floor." Both were 
tall, well-built, attractive men in their for- 
ties, she says. Dan sat on the couch, 
put his head in his hand, and said, "My 
God, it's really her." Richard had tears 
in his eyes and hugged hf 
ing relief that she was alive 

"Budd had warned me nc 
the incident with anyone," 

talk to Budd." 

In the year that followed, 
claims, she had numero 
with the mystery duo— at bus stops, out- 
side her dentist's office, even at 
church. Hopkins himself never had the 
pleasure ol meeting the pair, though, he 
) did eventually receive three 
ters from Dan and four letters 
audiocassette from Richard. In 
■r, says Hopkins, Dan explained 
I to remain anonymous: He and 
were no! New York City cops. 
nor on that lalelul November 
d they been alone. They were, 
, government security agents and 
had been escor;.ng fin important politi- 
cal figure, who they would not name, to 
a downtown heliport; suddenly their 
car's engine died and the headlights 
went out. They had seen Linda's abduc- 
tion unfold after they pushed the car to 
safety under the elevated FDR Drive. 

Dan and Richard just couldn't stay 
away. One morning, after Linda had 
walked her youngest son to the school 
bus at 7:15, she claims she was ap- 
proached by Richard, who asked her 
to take a ride in his car. She refused, 
but Richard's grip firmed on her shoul- 


der. "You can go quietly or you can go 

kicking and screaming," Linda claims 

Richard told her. As he dragged her to 

e open rear door ol his black Mer 


lund for about 
three hours," says Linda, "asking me all 
sorts of questions." Did she work for the 
government? Was she hersell an alien? 
They even demanded she prove herself 
human by taking off her shoes. Aliens, 
they would claim in a letter to Hopkins, 
lacked toes. She called Hopkins as 
soon as they dropped her off at home. 
"Hopkins told 

Linda suggests, "from following the 
route to a three-story beach house 
which I assume was on Long Island." 
Inside. Dan started a pot of coffee and 
gave Linda a present; a nightgown, she 
says, "the kind a woman might wear if 
3 any children, especial- 

ly sc 

" Dai- ■■:•■■ 


would have believed me?" The notion 
of surveillance by Richard and Dan even- 
tually spooked her so much that she 
quit her secretarial job and simply 
stayed home. To ease Linda's isolation, 
Hopkins found a benefactor who paid 
for Linda's limited use of a bodyguard 
so she could go out. 

Unfortunately, the bodyguard was 
not around lor what Linda says was her 
second major encounter with Richard 
and Dan. On October 15, 1991, Linda 
reports, Dan accosted her on the 
street and pulled her into a red Jaguar. 
As they drove along, he 

s could photograph her i 
peared mid-abduction, floating over 
New York. She refused but finally 
agreed to put it on over her clothes. As 
Dan's behavior became increasingly 
strange, she decided to flee, running 
out the door and onto the beach. 

"Dan caught me and picked me up, 
shaking me like a toy." she says. 
There was mud on my face, so he 
dunked me in the water once, twice, 
three times. I don't think he was trying 
to drown me. but he kept me under loo 
long." This behavior, which critics of 
this strange tale have termed "attempt- 
ed murder," finally ceased. Instead. 
Dan pulled off Linda's wet jeans and, 
she says, pulled her down on his lap in 
the water, rocking her like a baby. Short- 
ly after. Linda reports. "Richard 
showed up, apologized for Dan, and 

half dozen photographs of Linda, in the 
nightgown, running along the beach." 
That November, the saga became 
stranger still. While lunching with 
Linda, a relative who was also a doctor 
insisted she go to the hospital to x-ray 
the lump in her nose. The x-ray Linda 
now presents shows a profile of her 
head; clearly visible is a quarter-inch- 
long cylinder apparently ei 

"It was weird," says Hopkins' friend 
Paul Cooper, professor of neurosurgery 
at New York University, who has exam- 
ined the x-ray. "I've never seen anything 
tike it." But even Cooper admits the x- 
ray could have been faked by taping a 
little something to the outside of 

Moreover, as usually happens in 
UFO stories, this tantalizing bit of evi- 
dence vanished as quickly as it had ap- 
peared. Soon after getting the x-ray, 
Linda told Hopkins she'd awakened 
with a bloody nose. Under hypnosis, 
Hopkins says, Linda revealed that the 
aliens had again whisked her away. Lat- 
er, with Cooper's help, Hopkins had fur- 
ther x-rays taken, but the implant was 

i forward. That i 


:> larch? " 

■ JUSlcltfi 

lope from a v 
New York. On 

lers. appeared Ihe words, Confidential, 
Re: Brooklyn Bridge. 

On Ihe evening of November 29, 
1989. Ihe woman— Hopkins calls her 
"Janet Kimble"' — had been in Brooklyn 
at a retirement party for her boss. 
Wtien she headed home via the 
Brooklyn Bridge around 3:00 a.m., she 
told Hopkins, her car came lo a dead 
stop in the middle of the bridge and her 
headlights blinked out. The same 
thing, she states, happened lo the 
cars coming up behind her. Suddenly, 
she saw what she thought was "a build- 
ing on fire" about a quarter of a mile 
away. The light was so bright that she 

she realized what she was seeing: 
Four "balls" had floated 
rr&rl window and, mid; 
three "rickets-stricken" 
fourth, taller, "normal girl- 
ing a white gown. "While 
she wrote, "I could hear tt 
screams of Ihe peopl 
parked in their cars behind 

;r and sees two other UFOs in the sky, 
)ne a bright orange object at the south- 
jrn end of Manhattan, ostensibly the 
>ne that abducted Linda. 

The two cases, if believed and tak- 
;n in concert, shed an ominous light on 

foot, I 

-. But it 

hattan Transfer." Were the aliens out 
that night abducting Manhaltaniles 
like Linda in droves? 

By December of 1991, the end of 

struggling with an obviously 



named Dan, who, according lo Richard, 
had been admitted to a "rest home." At 
Christmas, she received a card and 
note from Dan. It was a love letter ac- 
tually. He told her he planned to leave 
the "rest home" soon and asked her to 
pack her toothbrush — he ' 

s nol amused. 

happened. It happened." 

If it really did, I thought, the independ- 
ent witnesses would confirm it. The ' 
prize witness obviously was the VIP, 
and the word in the UFO community is 
lhat Hopkins thinks it was Javier Perez 
de Cuellar, secretary-general of the 
United Nations from 1982 to 1991. "I 
will nol deny or confirm that," says 
Hopkins. "I won't say who he is. but I 
can say this: All the letters from Rich- 
ard and Dan refer to the facl lhat there 
was a third man in the car. And he's writ- 
signed, The Third Man. I can't make the 
things he said public, though clearly 
he's letting me know between the lines 

-Ural to the Linds 
anonymous sourc 

, Richard, Dan, an c 
abducted o 

" The " 



was obscured by a walkway. 

Hopkins says he tele- 
phoned "Janet Kimble" imme- 
diately and later had lunch 
with her. The tale told by 
this "widow of about sixty 
who once worked as a tele- 
phone operator" corroborates stories 
told by Richard and Linda, he says, rul- 
ing out ihe possibility of a hoax. 

In fact, if Hopkins is to be believed, 
another witness to the Linda abduction 
was actually the first. That person, he 
states, is a UFO abductee as well, a 

to have been abducted from her Man- 
hattan bedroom in the middle of the 
night. She consciously remembers be- 
ing outside at some point, moving along 
s involuntarily, and seeing 15 







Actually, rumor 
party may be ct 
According t 

es close to Hop kin 

their passenger w 

that fateful day of November 30, 1939, 

right along with Linda. Their delayed re- 
call of this event supposed- 
ly would explain why it took 
15 months for them to write 
to Hopkins, why they were 
so interested in Linda, and 
why they are so reluctant to 
come lorward n 

1 .that is certain 
X Perez de Cuellar is 
le was in New York City 

n the days in quest cr O.d 


illy v 

o 20 o 

•■■ :.:::: F 

a UFOo 

.ving z 

Dan apparently tried to get Linda in 
February of 1992, but she was rescued 
from this dragon by Richard, whom 
Linda now regards as a knight in shin- 
ing armor. Linda says that Richard, up- 
on returning from a "mission" abroad, 
had gone to visit Dan at the rest home, 
found him missing, and had come look- 
ing for him in New York. When he 
learned that Dan had prepared a pass- 
port for Linda and booked two tickets 
to England, he immediately sought out 
Linda and managed to spirit her away 

Joe Sills, spokesman for 

the secretary- genera I at the 
United Nations, was nice enough to 
check with the security people but 
came up empty handed. "No one that 
I spoke to," he says, " 

eing ir 

irof tt 

it of K 

nmg. I 

s finds my reaction 

When Hopkim 
help'but guffaw, 

say?" he says. For Hopkins, who is in 
the midst of investigating another 
mass abduction in New York City in- 
volving a hundred humans, this wom- 
an's story is only "a little more bizarre 

banks of Linda's last contact with the aliens oc- 

curred a few months afterward. On 

s. I can't Memorial Day 1992, she, her husband, 
two sons, and one of their guests all 
awakened at about 4:30 in the morning 
with nosebleeds. Hopkins says he has 
subsequently confirmed, through hyp- 

s UFO n 
ed. "I really i 
body," says I 
end of her story. "I don't expect any- 
one to believe this because, to tell you 
the truth, if the shoe were on the other 

of schedule th 
more, he added, Perez de Cuellar 

could not have been heading for the hel- 
iport since he always went to the airport 
via limousine. U.N. spokesperson Juan 
Carlos Brandt checked with Perez de 
Cuellar directly. "He says he never wit- 
nessed any incident." says Brandt. 

And adding insult to injury, Hopkins 
can't even prove that the two govern- 
ment security agents, Richard and Dan. 
are real. He has never met or spoken 
to them, and ail efforts to identify Iner 1 
have proven fruitless. In March ■■:' 159 ■ 
for instance, Linda looked through six 
hours of clips of news programs show- 
ing security agents at events in New 
York City. The clips belong to one of 
Hopkins' contacts in government law en- 
forcement. Near the end of the six 
hours, while watching a network broad- 

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identified as 'Dan.' Despite the fact 
that the images were taken from a dis- 
tance, involved crowds and the bustling 
chaos that accompanies visiting digni- 
taries, she apparently had no trouble 
making her identification. Those who 

man who appears to be taking part in 
official business, and who is in no way 
out of place or unusual. 

In the months that followed, 
Hopkins and Linda made the rounds 
with their pictures of "Dan" in hand. 
They went to United Nations security 
and the State Department, Secret Ser- 
vice, and Russian delegation offices in 
New York. At times, Hopkins and 

to arouse suspicion: "Sometimes we 

said we were husband and wife and 
that this was a friend we had met a cou- 
ple of years ago in Cape Cod and he 
had said to look him up here when we 
came to New York," Hopkins explains. 
But the ploy didn't work. "I've been all 
over with these pictures," says 
Hopkins, "and nobody recognizes him." 
Then there is the woman on the 
bridge, "Janet Kimble." She is a real per- 
son but apparently, after being ridiculed 
by her own family, wants no part of 
Hopkins' story. When Hopkins tried to 
arrange an interview for me, she told 

him, "I can't help you anymore with 
this." The final independent witness is 
the woman up the East River who 
claims lo have participated in the 
mass abduction of women that very 
night. But she's another abductee and 
not truly impartial in the matter. 

With no independent witnesses will- 
ing to come forward, the case, not sur- 
prisingly, has come under intense criti- 
cism. Curiously, two of those most crit- 
ical of the case initially became involved 
at Linda's request. 

By early 1992, Linda was feeling so 
helpless at the hands of her human kid- 
nappers that she decided to seek ad- 
ditional expert help. At the suggestion 
of New York journalist and UFO research- 
er Antonio Huneeus, she contacted Rich- 
ard Butler, a former law-enforcement 
and security specialist for the Air 
Force and a fellow abductee, whom 
Linda had met at Hopkins' support 
group. Butler met with Linda on Feb- 
ruary 1, 1992, and brought with him doe 
Stefula, a former special agent for the 
U.S. Army's Criminal Investigations Com- 
mand and current head of security for 
a drug company in New Jersey. During 
the meeting, Linda asked for safety 
lips on how to protect herself f r om The 
dangerous duo, and Butler and Stefula, 
in order to give useful advice, asked 

Linda a few questions of their own. 

Several months later, after Hopkins 
made the case public at the 1992 Mu- 
tual UFO Network annual meeting in Al- 
buquerque, Stefula, Butler, and a friend 
of theirs, parapsychologist George Han- 
sen, decided the case needed a thor- 
ough investigation and began poking 
around Linda's neighborhood. They 
spoke to the securily guard and supervi- 
sor at Linda's building, went to the offic- 
es of the New York Post nearby, and sim- 
ply interviewed residents to see if they 
remembered anything amiss. No one did. 

Afterward, Hansen, already the au- 
ier of stinging critiques 

of b 

lengthy skeptical report. The cen- 
tral issue, say the skeptics, is the lack 
of large numbers of witnesses to this 
spectacular event. After all. New York 
never sleeps; there are people out and 
about even in the middle of the night. 
Why did none of the truck drivers at the 
loading dock of the New York Post just 
a Bhor: distance in"' I nda's np.-.rtric-'-i 
see this blindingly bright object? Why 
haven't all those other people whose 
cars were supposedly stalled on the 
Brooklyn Bridge come forward? 

To such questions, Hopkins has a two- 
fold reply: "The unwillingness of people 
to report such fantastic experiences is 



Day alter day, the waves of 
UFOs returned to southern 
Russia. Cossacks on horse- 
back saw them high in the 
evening sky. Pilots aboard 

military interceptors chased 
and dodged them. Astron- 
omers at observatories in the 
Caucasus Mountains noted 

fiery companions. 

It was the fall of 1967. and 
the Soviet Union was in 
the grip of its first major 
UFO flap. The extraordinary 
tales, described on Soviet 
television, reported in Soviet 
newspapers, and analyzed in 
a private nationwide UFO 
study group soon took on a 
life of their own. 

In one detailed account, a 
airliner crew from Voroshi 
lovgrad to Volgograd, fl 
104, insisted that a UFO 
hovered and then man 
vered around their pla 
According to Soviet UFO 
thusiast Felix Zigel, v 
compiled such accounts, 
plane's engines died and did 
not start up again until after 
the UFO had disappeared, 
when the aircraft was only a 
half mile high in the air. 




These iales and others were repealed 
in Western UFO books and presented 
as important evidence a I UFO hearings 
in the United States Congress and in Brit- 
ain's House ol Lords. Then, as sudden- 
ly as it had started, the wave of Rus- 
sian UFO sightings ceased. Private 
UFO groups were banned by the Sovi- 
et government, and the subject was 
dropped from the controlled media 
even as it spread wildly in the samizdat, 
the underground Russian press. 
But the phenomenon was not forgot- 

is and a team of investigators Irom the 
Academy of Sciences in Moscow as- 
sessed Zigel's UFO tiles, analyzing 
statistics from what they said was ' (tie 
repetitive motion" of the objects Zigel 
described. In 1979, the "Gindilis Re- 
port" was released and distributed 
around the world It concluded that no 
n natural or manmade stimulus 


it for tt 

atmospheric phenomena." Something 
truly extraordinary and truly alien must 
e occurred. 

seeing alien spaceships instead of trea- 
ty-busting weapons tests, Soviet military 
officials were all too willing to permit 
this illusion to prosper. 

Twenty-five years later, with the 
FOBS rockets long since scrapped and 
the Soviet regime itself on the scrap 
heap of history, the now- purpose less de- 
ception has maintained a zombielike 
life of its own. Russian UFO literature 
tinues to issue ever more glorious 

ships." Mainstream Russian magazi 
newspapers, and even museum exhib- 
its contain fanciful drawings of 
shapes Zigel himself is revered a; 
father of Soviet UFOIogy." an icon 
liability and authenticity. 

But Zigel's and Gindilis s 
craft are just one example of the ridic- 
ulous notions and outrageous fictions 
Russian UFOIogy has spawned. In 
1977, for instance, Tass, the official Rus- 
sian news agency, carried a dispatch 
from the northwest Russian port city of 
Petrozavodsk titled "Strange Natural 

UFO, a carrier of high intelligence with 
crew and passengers, or it was a field 
of energy created by such a UFO." 
Zigel. the dean of Soviet UFOIogists. 
agreed it was a true UFO: "Without a 
doubt— it had all the features," 

Sadly, the cause ol all this mindless 

It by th 

rocket la.n-hny 
:be supersecret military space cen- 
Plesetsk in northwest Russia, The 
igined booster's contrails, back- 

n split 

But it 

o good to be 

tiple glowinf 
In 1981, a midnight rocket launch 
from Plesetsk lit up the skies of Moscow 
itself and sent the capital city's resi- 
dents into a blitz ol unconstrained cre- 
ativity. UFO expert Sergey Bozhich's 
notebooks contain reports of numerous 
"independent" UFO encounters during 
this ordinary launching. "Pilot'- ci six civ- 
il aircraft reported either a UFO in 
flight or a UFO [attacking] their aircraft." 
he wrote. "At 1:30 a UFO attacked a 
truck along the Ryazan Avenue in Mos- 
cow." One witness even reported wak- 
ing Irom a deep sleep to see 

.e many ot-iei oifiua 
Soviet government reports. 
the Gindilis Report turned 
out to be counterfeit science. 
In effect, and probably in in- 
one of Moscow's creates! '~iil- 
itary secrets, an illegal space- 
to-earth nuclear weapon. 

What the witnesses really 
saw back in those exciting 

hides all right, but not from 
come dislanl, alien world. They were Rus- 
sian missile warheads, placed in low or- 
bit under false registration names and 
then diverted back toward the planet's 
surface alter one circuit ol the globe. 
As they fireballed down toward a tar- 
get zone near the lower Volga River, 
they seared their way into the imagina- 
tions of startled witnesses for hundreds 
ol miles in all directions. 

Of course, U.S. intelligence agencies 
had also been watching the tests, and 
they weren't tooted by the UFO smoke- 
screen. Pentagon experts soon dubbed 
this learsome new weapon a "fraction- 
al orbit bombardment system," or 
FOBS. Government spokespeople in 
Washington denounced it as a first- 
strike weapon designed to evade de- 
fensive radars. Since Moscow had re- 
cently signed a solemn international trea- 
ty forbidding the orbiting of nuclear 
weapons the existence ol this weap- 
on [whose tests alone c" " 




Phenomenon over Karelia." Wrote local 
correspondent Nikolay Milov. "On Sep- 
tember 20 at about 0400 a huge star 
suddenly flared up in the dark sky. impul- 
sively sending shafts of light to the 
earth. This star moved slowly toward 
Petrozavodsk and. spreading out over 
it in the form of a jellyfish, hung there. 
showering the city with a multitude of 
vfi.'y lino rays which created an image 
of pouring rain." 

liio "visitation" unleashed a torrent 
of rumors. People later reported being 
awakened from deep sleep by telepath- 
ic messages. Tiny holes were reported- 
ly seen in windows and paving stones. 
Cars were said to have stalled and com- 
puters to have crashed, and witnesses 
smelled ozone. 

Soviet UFO enthusiasts rushed to em- 

e the c 

sfar a 

saty) w 
contempt. So w 


n Rust 

n UFO w 

cerned," claimed science-fiction author 
Aleksandr Kazantsev, "it was a space- 
ship from outer space, carrying out re- 
cornaissance." According to Dr. Vladi- 
mir Azhazha, "In my opinion, what was 
seen over Petrozavodsk was either a 

cruising down his street. 

The pattern is clear. Time 
and again, secret launchings 
of Russian rockets have un- 
leashed avalanches of clas- 
sic UFO perceptions from 
the imaginative, excitable wit- 
nesses and their careless 
interviewers. And consistent 
with its origins, Russian UFO 
literature is stili characterized 
by fantastic tales and an ut- 
ter lack ol research into posaolo expla- 
nations. "I have no doubts" is the most 
common figure ol speech in the lexicon 
of Russian UFOIogists, and they are 
doubtlessly sincere, il arguably delu- 
ded. "Are UFOs real?" one was asked 
not long ago by American documentary 
filmmaker Bryan Gresh. "My colleagues 
and I don't even think that's a question," 
he responded. "Of course they are real!" 
This sort of quasi-religious fervor 
just helps to fuel the skepticism of the 
cautious observer. After all, if Russian 
UFOIogists cannot or will not recognize 
the prosaic stimulus behind these pho- 
ny crescent UFOs of 1967 and the UFO 
"jellyfish" of 1977, they may be incapa- 
ble of solving any of the other hundreds 
of ordinary (if rare] causes that account 
for at least 90 percent (if not 100 per- 
cent) of all UFO perceptions. Dozens 
of major stimuli, and hundreds ol minor 
ones, are constantly giving rise to coun- 
terfeit UFO perceptions around the 
world. Filtering out the residue ol true 
UFOs from the pseudo UFOs poses 
challenges lor investigators. 

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Most Russia 1 " L = Clogists appear un-.-vill 
ing to face this challenge. 

And the writings of prominent Rus- 
sian UFO experts give ample ground for 
more anxiety. Vladimir Azhazha, prob- 
ably the leading Russian UFO expert of 
the 1990s, is an undeniable enthusiast 
of UFO miracle stories. Some years 
ago, his favorite Western UFO story in- 
volved a UFO attack on the Apollo 13 
space capsule, which he "disclosed" 
was carrying a secret atomic bomb to 
create seismic waves on the moon. 

But it was carrying no such thing. 
The April 1970 explosion, which disa- 
bled the craft and threatened the lives 
of the three astronauts, was caused by 
a hardware malfunction. When chal- 
lenged recently by UFOIogist Antonio 
Huneeus, Azhazha made a candid ad- 
mission: "When I gave the lecture, I was 
a teenager in UFOIogy and was intoxi- 
cated by the E.T. hypothesis and did 
not recognize anything else. I would re- 
tell with pleasure everything I read." 

Supposedly reformed, Azhazha 
then published a new book 
with a glorious new Apollo- 
astronaut UFO story based 
this time on forged photo- 
graphs published in Amer- 
ican tabloid newspapers. 
The pictures "show contrast- 
enhanced fuzzballs, photo- 
graphic images that had 
been sharpened in the pho- 
to lab. A fabricated "radio 
conversation" in which the as- 
tronauts exclaim surprise at 
seeing alien spaceships in a 
crater near their landing site 
later appeared in another tabloid; it was 
patently bogus, too, based on grossly 
misused space jargon. The story was 
org ago abandoned by reputable V\fest- 
ern UFOIogists, but Azhazha still loves 
it and presents it as true. 

At a UFO conference ,n Albuquerque 
in 1992, Azhazha told astonished West- 
ern colleagues that he had proof that 
5,000 Russians had been abducted by 
UFOs and never returned to Earth. 
When asked to defend this number, he 
disclosed that he took the reported num- 
ber of ordinary "missing persons" in the 
entire Soviet Union, plotted the regions 
over which major UFO activity had been 
reported, and then allocated those pop- 
ulation proportions of "missing" to the 
UFOs. It was simple, sincere, and sense- 
less, but the embarrassed American 
hosts (who had paid his travel expens- 
es) couldn't disagree too publicly lest 
their waste of money be obvious. 

Russian UFOIogists claim to be care- 
ful. Azhazha himself has written: "Noth- 
ing on faith! One must check, check, 
and elever r.res check .n o r oer "o "ind 

an error!" But he doesn't seem to 

know how, and neither do any of his col- 
leagues. While their sincerity and enthu- 
siasm are not in doubt, their judgment, 
balance, and accuracy should be. 

Why are people like Azhazha the 
cost thai RLSsia csn offer? Russians are 
heirs to a grea:, creative civilization, but 
they are also emerging from a social era 
that has hac profound erects on their 
habits of thought. Today's Russians 
have lived in a reality-deprived and judg- 
ment-atrophied culture for generations. 
Once they were sufficiently brain be- 
numbed by a repressive communist re- 
gime to accept any and all propagar 
a she idiocies fed to them, they were " 
tellectually defenseless against infec- 
tions of other brain bunk as well. 

UFO enthusiasm prospers in this 
turing environment. And it's not jusl 
UFO sightings that get conjured up by 
this fuzzy thinKrg. H statical figures, p'e : - 
erably dead ones who cannot disagree, 
are now constantly being portrayed as 
"secret UFO believers." 







For example, in 1993, a slick now 
UFO magazine called AURA-Z ap- 
peared in Moscow. Continuing the 
trend of tying now-dead space heroes 
to UFO studies, the magazine featured 
two separate interviews with contem- 
porary experts concerning the role 
played by Sergey Korolev, the founder 
of the Soviet missile and space pro- 
grams. It didn't bother the magaz ne 
at all that the two stories were utterly 

In one article, rocket expert Valery Bur- 
dakov presented a detailed account of 
how back in 1947 Stalin had ordered 
Korolev to assess Scvic: intelligence re- 
ports on the Roswell, New Mexico, UFO 
crash. Korolev had reported back that 
the UFOs were real but not dangerous, 
the article "revealed." Yet just seven pag- 
es earlier, another expert named Lev 
Chulkov had written: "As early as the 
hegi,nn ng of the 1950s. Stalin ordered 
Korolev to study the phenomenon of 
UFOs, but Korolev managed to avoid 
fulfilling this task." Of course, both 
claims can't be true. Besides, Burdakov 

was a recently renahil ".a-ed pc'irica pris- 
oner in 1947 and was thus hardly the 
type of trusted expert that Stalin would 
have consulted. 

Behind all such distracting noise, the 
UFO problem remains a fascinating and 
elusive puzzle, worthy of serious re- 
search. But weeding out true UFOs 
from the overwhelming mass of 
"IFOs," or identified flying objects, is a 
difficult, time consuming task, as West- 
ern UFOIogists have learned in the 
past half century. Their new Russian col- 
leagues so 'ar show no indication tha: 
they have even begun. 

"I haven't seen too much effort at 
that job," admits Antonio Huneeus, one 
of the West's most perceptive pro-UFO 
observers of Russan IJ-0 ogy. "The Rus- 
sians rhem selves keep knocking on my 
door," Huneeus states. "They want to 
sell their stuff here." In fact, given to- 
day's economic crisis in Russia, thou- 
sands of people of all classes, but par- 
ticularly from the military services, are 
desperately seeking — or deliberate y cre- 
ating — anything they can 
sell to Western buyers with 
bucks. UFO files are one of 
the few exportable raw ma- 
icrisls with a market in the 
West, so there should be no 
surprise that there, are sud- 
denly so many bizarre items 
now available and so few Rus- 
sians willing to be cautious 
or critical about them. 

If these Russian UFO de- 
lusions only affected their 
own research, the silliness 
would do no worldwide 
harm. But the intellectual infection has 
spread far beyond borders and pollut- 
ed UFO studies in other countrie 
well. These new commercial conspira- 
cies between Russian tall-tale se lers 
and Western tall-tale tellers in the en- 
tertainment and pseudodocumentary in- 
dustry will make it much worse. " 

The more serious Western UFOIo- 
gists, for instance, are particularly em- 
barrassed by their colleagues' naive, un- 
bounded enthusiasm for the 1967 "cres- 
cents" and the subsequent so-called 
Gindilis Report, with Soviet thermonu- 
clear weapons tests masquerading as 
true UFOs. Dr. James McDonald, prob- 
ably America's top UFO expert of the 
1960s, testified that :he crescents "can- 
not be readily explained in any conven- 
tional terms." Dr. J. Allen Hynek, dean 
of American UFOIogy in the 1970s, re- 
viewed the sightings and crowed, "It be- 
comes very much harder — in fact, 
from my personal viewpoint, impossi- 
ble — to find a trivial solution for all the 
UFO reports if one weighs and consid- 
ers the cai he r of some cf ;he w : tness 

es." They were scientists, pilots, engi- 
neers, and fellow astronomers, and Hy- 
nek was absolutely certain they couldn't 
have been mistaken. 

Today's successor to McDonald and 
Hynek is retired space scientist Rich- 
ard Haines, American director of the 
joint United States Corn '"-on wealth of In- 
dependent States working group on 
UFOs, the Aerial Anomaly Federation. 
Concerning the 1967 sightings, he con- 
fidently wrote that "the reports represent 
currently unknown phenomena, being 
completely different in nature from 
known atmoscne-ic opt cs effects or tech- 
nical experiments in the atmosphere." 

Another famous Russian pseudo- 
UFO case, called the "Cape Kamenny 
UFO," has long been foolishly champi- 
oned by Western UFO experts. Top 
American UFOIogist Jacques Vallee cit- 
ed this encounter in a 1992 book as 
one of the best in the world. His case- 
book coding scheme gave it the high- 
est marks: "Firsthand personal interview 
with the witness by a source of proven 
reliability; site visited by a skilled ana- 
lyst; and no explanation possible, giv- 
en the evidence." 

A graphic account of this UFO was 
given by American UFOIogist William L. 
Moore based on casebooks compiled 
by Zigel. "On December 3, [1967] at 
3:04 p.m.," wrote Moore, several crew- 
men and passengers of an IL-18 aircraft 
on a test flight for the State Scientific 
Institute of Civil Aviation sighted an 
intensely bright object approaching 
them in the night sky." Moore reported 
that the object "followed" the evasive. 
turns of the aircraft. 

But years later I discovered that the 
aircraft, passing near Vorkuta in the 
northern Urals, had by chance been 
crossing the flight path of the Kosmos- 
194 spy satellite during its ascent from 
Plesetsk. The crew had unwittingly ob- 
served the rocket's plumes and the sep- 
aration of its strap-on boosters. All oth- 
er details of maneuvers were added in 
by their imaginations. Yet this bogus 
UFO story is highlighted as authentic by 
nearly every Western account of Rus- 
sian UFOs in the last 20 years. 

Of course, not all Russian UFO re- 
ports spring from missile and space 
events. Far from it! But those specific 
kinds of stimuli are extremely well doc- 
umented, unlike other traditional pseudo- 
UFO stimuli such as balloons, experi- 
mental aircraft, military and police heli 
copters, bolide fireballs, and so forth 
Thus, they can provide an unmatcha- 
ble calibration test for the ability of Rus- 
sian UFOIogists to find solutions fot 
these pseudo UFOs. 

The Russian UFOIogists have failed 
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— Robert Barion, Anatomy of Mclcmeftoiy. 1621 

Stone Lithograph By Michael Parses 


For a long time he did not remem- 
ber anything. The moon was just ris- 
ing. He must have come from the river 
because his footprints led from it to 
where he stood. His head hurt. 

He walked for a very long way and 
he was hot. He wished he hadn't left 
the water; now he needed a drink. He 
felt something heavy on the top of his 
head. He didn't think it was his cap. 
He reached up and his hand came 
away with something dark and some- 
thing gray and blue in the moonlight. 

"Ahhh!" he yelled. "Ahhhi" He 
began to run, falling down twice, flop- 
ping around in the dirt until he could 
get up. His left arm did not 
work. He ran and ran, then he 
passed out. 

When he came to again he 
was walking and it was either 
just after sunset or just before 
dawn, he did not know which. 
He walked and walked. His 
head was pounding now but he 
was afraid to reach up and 
touch it again. He was so tired 
and so hungry but he could not 
stop. He knew that if he 
stopped he would die. 

It was morning. 

He hobbled onto the edge of 
a field. It stretched away forever 
with the stubble of some crop, 
There was a man far away on 
the other side doing something 
with a tractor. There was a truck 
parked there, too. He walked 
toward the man at the tractor 
and the man heard him coming 
and looked up. The man's eyes 
got wide and bright behind his 
glasses and he put one hand 
up over his face a second. 

"Holy Mother of Christ!" the man 

"Unhh! Unhhr he said, holding his 
right arm out. 

"Jesus! You're really hurt? How did 
that happen?" 


"Hold still. Don't move." The man 
went to the truck and came back with 
a flour sack covered with grit. "It's all I 
got. Let me put that in your head." 

He held still. 

The man made a strange noise 
behind him. 

"I don't know how you're walking, 
buddy." The man said. "It . . . it looks 

78 OMNI 

like you been shot in the back of the 
head and the bullet came out the top. 
That's brains hangin' there." 

"Unhh! Unhh!" 

"Easy now. If you come this far you 
ain't gonna die yet. Ease over into the 
truck here — I'll take you over to the 
hospital in Salinas. Watch your head 
gettin' in. There's more of it on top than 
you think. . . ." 

He got into the truck. Soon they 
were bouncing along the road and the 
gravel was flying in a big V out behind. 
His head hurt more and soon he was 

All he remembered was pieces of 
the next few days. There were rooms 


Hashes ol who he was would 

come back then go 

away, like a bird hopping closer 

and see it. There had been a ranch or 
a farm. He'd done something that 
made people mad at him. He couldn't 
remember. There had been a running 
through the woods to the river. 
And then G — 

it was a name. He did not know 
who the name was. 

He couldn't remember and it made 
him cry. 

This place wasn't so nice. There 
were people who were always making 
him do things and move from his bed 
or chair and they talked to him but he 
could not understand. 

A long long time went by, maybe a 
month or two. He wished he could 
leave and go find some work or 
something. He did not like it 

Sometimes he wished he 
had a rabbit to hold. 

And then one day when they 
had him outside bouncing the 
ball he looked up and there 
standing in front of him was a 
funny little clown in a black 
clown suit with a pointed hat 
and big buttons down the front. 
He looked at the clown and 
he smiled because he knew 
from then on everything was 
going to be okay. 

and closer behind a 
tree you were leaning against 

and lights and doctors and nurses and 
they put something in his head. Then 
he was in a big bed and they brought 
him food and asked all about him. 

Then some other doctors came and 
a state trooper in a smart uniform with 
a shiny badge, and a few days later 
they took him to another place. 

It was there that something began 
to happen to his head, not on the 
outside where all the bandages and 
the tin were, but inside. Small flashes 
of who he was would come back then 
go away, like a bird hopping closer 
and closer behind a tree you were 
leaning against but which would hop 
away before you could turn around 


It was day and rain and my 
sister held me while I held the 
slipper and the grandmother 
was in the house then my 
brother came home mad and I 
was taken somewhere with lots 
of doors and white and I didn't 
like it and was going to say and 
going and they put the thing on 
my arm that hurt and I went away and 
then it was day again and my pushing- 
man took me outside in the buggy- 
chair and put me under the tree the 
tree like the one in the pasture where 
the boy and I were walking and he 
was looking for the money "Money 
Money" said my brother "You're all 
bleeding me white" and then I was in 
this place under the tree watching and 
watching for my sister to come to the 
gate so I could see her and she 
climbed the pear tree to look in at my 
grandmother like the horse in the ditch 
and the people wouldn't let me go to 
the gate and the men were hitting and 
calling my sister's name and there was 

the girl who wasn't my sister who 
yelled and yelled at the gate and the 
fire went around and around and it was 
rain and I couldn't sleep and il was day 
again and they were saying "Benjam- 
in, Benjamin, don't yell so, just show us 
where it hurts" and I tried to tell them 
and the black woman cook said "Grab 
his hand" and I put it in my mouth it 
hurt so and I pointed where it hurt and 
they made it stop it was day again and 
they let me stand at the gate only it was 
tall and I was little that time and my push- 
ing-man put me under the tree then the 
man came and the man had a clown 
with him like the one that came to town 
only he had on a black suit and he 
hugged me like my sister used to do in 
the buggy-chair and the clown and the 
man were in the little box with me that 
bumped and bumped and pastures 
and houses went by the windows real 
fast and there was a bridge and a river 
and hills going by too and then it was 
day and night again and I was in the 
big house which was my grandmother's 

house only it was big and I 

was little in it and sometimes 
the clown was big and 
stuck out of the house and 
sometimes he was little and 
walked around and sat in his 

The gateman let the car, a 

new '51 Kaiser, into the 

In the front seat beside 
the driver from the motor 
pool, Dr. Ernest Seeker 
stared up the drive toward 
the mansion. It was a three-story stone 
building. At the front, over the portico 
was the head of a giant clown, mechan- 
ical eyes slowly rolling, tongue lolling 
out of the mouth. 

The grounds, ten or eleven rolling 
acres, were surrounded by a twelve-foot- 
high narrow iron spiked fence. Here 
and there as he watched, solitary men 
and women moved on missions of 
their own. 

Far otf, near a little copse of trees, 
someone who was dressed like Koko 
the Clown from the old Betty Boop car- 
toons sat in a board-and-rope swing, 
winding himseli up with little movements 
of the feet and letting the twisted 
ropes spin him around again. 

In another direction, a patch of what 
looked like wheat bordered the fence. 
There was no one waiting for him out 
front when the car pulled to a stop. 

Seeker got out. He pulled his brief- 
case from the back seat. He looked 
back beyond the gate to the far hill 
where the construction on the new hous- 
ing subdivisions had begun. 
so OMNI 

After waiting a few more moments, 
he stepped to the wide double doors 
and went inside. 

The place was light and airy and had 
peculiar, not unpleasant, smells. The hall- 
way led to a large sitting room with over- 
stuffed Victorian furniture, worn looking 
but clean. From somewhere far off to 
the left he heard the rattle of a pot or 
pan, low talk. To the right was another 
hallway. A man was coming out of the 
room pushing his hair back with both 

"Mr. Seeker," he said. "Willard 
Beemer. Sorry I didn't hear your car — 
we don't have a telephone at the gate. 
I wouldn't have known you were here 
except one of our guests went by the 
window— he goes to meet every car. 
Usually that's just the help arriving for 
work, but it's too late for that so I knew 
it had to be you." 

Seeker shook his hand. 

"I'm sure the department explained 
why I'm here." 

"They told me we'd need a license 







for the facility. I tried to explain why I 
didn't think it came under your purview, 
but they insisted. So I told them, send 
their best investigator out and look the 
place over, and we'd talk about it." 

"You realize, of course, that if you 
were an M. D. or this were under the 
direct supervision of a neurosurgeon or 
psychiatrist, I wouldn't be here?" 

"I know, I know. But we didn't ask to 
be licensed; you called us. My guess 
is it's because of the guy building the 
houses all across the hills that you got 
called. Some people are afraid of 
things they don't understand. See, we 
don't consider ourselves a place lor treat- 
ment. We're, like, a big family who 
lives' in a big house with a fence and 
mind our own business." 

"You can understand the concerns 
of the county and state when there are 
complaints that there's an unlicensed 
mental facility in the middle of what will 
become a high-densily residential area." 

"Well, the county can't do anything 
because they got a grandfather 
clause in all their zoning stuff. And 

you're the state, so I just have to con- 
vince you, right?" 

"That is essentially correct." 
"Okay. Let's get to it." 
"How long have you been here?" 
"Twelve years. Since 1939." 
"How many patients do you have?" 
"Twenty-seven. Only they're not pa- 
tients, they're guests. Five have been 
here since the beginning; the others 
came one or two at a time. Either we 
went out to find them, or some just 
showed up, over the years." 

"You went out to lind them? 

"Some from state hospitals. Some 
from private. One we found kept in a 
cage out behind an alligator farm in 

"You go get them from state hospi- 

"Most states are only too happy to 
find someone to take them off their 
hands. "Look," said Beemer, "I'm not 
explaining myself very well. Leave your 
briefcase here. Come outside with me. 
Take a look around." 

He followed Beemer back 
through the parlor, out the 
double doors to the driveway 
where the car sat. A man 
stood near the steps, his 
head moving back and 
forth, eyes'wide, staring at 
the car and driver. 

"I better start at the begin- 
ning. I didn't found this 
place; my father did— 
though he died on the trip 
West with the first five 
guests, I'm the executor of 
his estate, which makes me also the 
guardian of the Democritus Trust. 
That's where we get the money." 

Seeker looked out toward the field 
near the back of the grounds. A young 
person, a lone boy, stood in the mid- 
dle of the half-acre patch. 

"That's the newest one, Holderi. I'm 
not sure he should be here, but the Lit- 
tle Moron wanted him to stay." 

"We don't like to refer to anyone as 
a moron, Mr. Beemer ..." 

"That's what he calls himself. He's 
the one all the stories are about." 

Seeker looked at Beemer. "You 
mean, the Little Moron jokes?" 

"That's him. Elwood Democritus, Jr. 
His father was richer than Croesus. He 
appointed my father executor on his 
deathbed. Elwood Jr.'s mother had 
died years before; he was an only 
child on a dead-end branch of the fam- 
ily tree. Then the Little Moron and rtiy 
father came West, setting up the 
place, getting the original five guests, 
setting it all up; then my father died and 
I came out here and here we are." 








:: Wiioin Goes name ^re you?' 

"All the kids say I'm adopted. " 

"What's an illegal alien?" 

"Yeah . . . well I'm from the planet Earth! 

"Are you sure that this is the Great Lord ot the 
Inter-Galactic Empire's gift to the peoples of Earth?" 

"However superior, there is a resemblance. 

"Nothing you could ever say would convince me that 
there's intelligent life elsewhere in the universe. " 

'Obviously, they come from a planet with 
very little gravity." 

. We come in peace." 



According to this Miami psychiatrist, past-lives therapy works: it's quick, inexpensive, and 
people get better — whether they believe in reincarnation or not. 


Treating patients by guiding them through recol- 
lections of what appear to be previous lives is 
about the last thing Brian Weiss thought he'd be 
doing. The South Florida physician, who before the age of 
35 was chief of psychiatry at Mount Sinai Hospital and a 
professor at the University of Miami's medical school, had 
always taken the traditional path. 

Growing up in New Jersey, Weiss was an overachiever, 
self-described as "studious, but not geeky." After graduating 

magna cum laude from Columbia University in 1966, he 
received his M.D. from Yale in 1970. It was Ivy League all 
the way. Publishing papers, becoming a recognized psy- 
chopharmacology expert, he considered himself a "show 
me" kind of guy, believing only in what he could see. He 
rarely gave much thought to anything paranormal, mystical, 
or spiritual. 

One patient changed all that. 

Weiss calls her Catherine in Many Lives, Many Masters, 




Palestine, 2000 years ago 






To be a teacher and travel 


Choose love, not fear. 






I'm hoping the distinctions 
among people will dis- 
appear. I'd be much hap- 
pier if there were just 
one religion, one of love 
and spirit, hope, and 
wisdom.- My work made 
me more aware of 
the environment. We have 
to come back and 
live on this planet again. 
So what we do is not 
just affecting our children. 


.There is no death. 
We go from life to life, 
body to body. 


Many Lives, Many Masters, 
1988 (400,000 copies 
U.S., 17 foreign languages) 
Through Time into Healing, 
1992 (50,000 hardcover) 

published in 1988, eight years after her 
therapy began. Barely budging her gar- 
den-variety phobias and anxieties with 18 
months of conventional therapy, Weiss 
instructed Catherine while hypnotized to 
"go back to the time from which your 
symptoms arise." She did: The year was 
1863 B.C., and she was a 25-year-old wo- 
man named Aronda. 

Weiss was shocked as Catherine un- 
leashed a flood of memories from other 
lifetimes as well. He soon discovered, he 
says, that traumatic events and relation- 
ships encountered in previous lives were 
the source of her present problems. But 
only after ruling out schizophrenia, split 
personalities, psychosis, drug use, neuro- 
logical illness, sociopathic tendencies, 
and just plain acting, could the scien- 
tifically trained Weiss begin to accept this 
notion. "My gut reaction was that I'd 
stumbled upon something I knew veiy 
little about — reincarnation and past 
memories." During the next three years, 
he dispelled Catherine's phobias and 
panic attacks by having her vividly recall 
events from dozens ot her past lives. 

But reincarnation was only part of what 
Weiss encountered during Catherine's 
treatment. He also met "the Masters," 
entities who spoke through Catherine, 
while she was under hypnosis, about the 
nature of the universe, levels of con- 
sciousness, intuitive powers, and the soul, 
which they said passed from one body to 
another. Weiss first branded it mumbo 
jumbo until "the Masters" talked about 
Weiss's late father and the medical con- 
dition that caused the death of his three- 
week-old son years before — information 
to which Catherine would have no ac- 
cess. In 1990, Weiss left Mount Sinai to 
devote himself full time to his patients, 
about 60 percent of whose therapies 
include recalling past lives. 

Upon our first meeting, Weiss hyp- 
notized me. I did not experience past-life 
recall but had what he calls "a mystical 
experience." From my description of the 
people in two separate scenes, it's clear 
to Weiss and to me that they are symbolic 
of an important relationship I'm having 
with a man Weiss believes I've also 
known in previous lifetimes and even in 
between, in the "spirit state." 

Since treating Catherine, Weiss, 49, 
has researched not only reincarnation, 
but Eastern and Western religions, 
mysticism, quantum physics, and intuitive 
and paranormal experiences. He does 
not come across as some kind of guru, 

nor does he want to be, He's simply a 
doctor, he says, who's become "en- 
lightened." Much to his surprise, his work 
has been taken seriously by many in the 
psychiatric community. Even some 
skeptics find value in his books. "I can't 
say that these experiences were actual 
memories of past lives," says Steven 
Warner, Miami hypnotherapist and expert 
in multiple-personality disorders. "It's 
possible they were fantasy material 
similar to screen memory — an indirect 
way of describing a problem. But there's 
a purposefulness to the unconscious. 
Whatever is happening, I don't believe 
these 'past life' memories are a sham." 

In 1992, shortly before publication of 
his second book, Through Time into Heal- 
ing, the University of Miami notified Weiss 
that it wouldn't be renewing his teaching 
contract. Weiss has no doubt that his 
work with past-life therapy provoked this 
action. But a week before, the University 
of Pittsburgh's Medical School showed 
interest in a longitudinal study to see if 
gains by patients in this therapy persist 
over time. Conducting this study from 
Miami, Weiss has also spoken at the Yale 
Medical School psychiatry department 
and divinity schools. 

During our second meeting, he spoke 
enthusiastically about how even the 
federal government is taking alternative 
therapies seriously, citing the NIH's new 
Office of Alternative Medicine, which he 
calls "the Office of Far-Out Stuff." His 
work with past-life therapy has helped not 
only his patients, he acknowledges, but 
himself. — Nina L Diamond 

Omni: Why do scientists find reincarnation 
a hard concept to buy? 
Weiss: Fear of the unfamiliar. Actually, 
people don't have to be afraid, if only 
they'd keep an open mind. Meditation 
can teach people to do that if they can let 
go of their fears. 

Omni: But that can mean changing one's 
whole life. 

Weiss: Yes, it's scary — but totally safe. It's 
difficult to let go of the familiar, even if it's 
harmful, restricting, and blinding. 
Omni: Where did the concept of reincar- 
nation come from? 

Weiss: It's so far back that we really don't 
know. I suspect it's from the same place 
as now: People who are psychic, having 
visions of it, dreams or deja vu, memories, 
meditations, came upon this .knowledge.' 
Plato wrote about reincarnation. Ancient 
civilizations believed in this. We lost this 

belief only recently, mostly for political 
reasons. In Judaism, belief in reincar- 
nation, or gilgul, existed until the early 
1800s. Only with the migration out of 
Eastern Europe to the West and the 
need to be accepted in the age of en- 
lightenment and science did the belief 
go underground — but not in Chasidic [ul- 
traorthodox] populations. 

In Christianity, it went underground 
much earlier — the Second Council of 
Constantinople in the sixth century de- 
clared reincarnation a heresy. Christi- 
anity was becoming a state religion, 
and the Romans felt that without the 
whip of Judgment Day, people would 
not behave, would not follow. They'd 
think, "Well, I'll do it next time around." 
Omni: How do you think the length of 
time between lifetimes is determined? 
Weiss: People who die violently, or chil- 
dren who die, often return much faster. 
For those who live longer and die more 
peacefully, there can be a longer time 
between lives, 100 years or more. 
Omni: How many past lives do people 

generally have? 

Weiss: That varies, but the 
number that comes up most 
often in my work is 100, not 
the thousands and thou- 
sands that the Buddhists 
talk about, 

Omni: Do you think that 
there is an infinite number of 
souls or finite? 
Weiss: It doesn't matter to 
me because ultimately we're 
all connected. 
Omni: Are new souls being 
created, in your opinion? 
Weiss: My inclination is to say no. We're 
probably all ageless and have been 
around from the beginning. 
Omni: Are some people here now ex- 
periencing their first life? 
Weiss: Theoretically, I'd guess yes. May- 
be they "transferred in" and are here 
for the first time, but I suspect most of 
us have been here other times. If Earth 
is one of millions of worlds, it's like ask- 
ing where did all those children go to 
junior high before the new one was 
built? Well, they were elsewhere. We 
shouldn't delude ourselves into thinking 
that we're the only place. 
Omni: Have some people been around 
more — old souls? 

Weiss: Sure, but I doubt this is the only 
place. There are other places we can go 
to learn, too. It's not like Jupiter or Plu- 
to or another solar system, but perhaps 
another dimension. All mystical tradi- 
tions talk about other worlds. There may 
be other levels, too — different levels of 
heaven; that's where the expression, "I 
was in seventh heaven," comes from, 
seven as being an ultimate. Catherine 


talked about seven dimensions. 
Omni: Might two souls meet again in 
new lives? And if so, how would they 
recognize each other? 
Weiss: An energy attracts — you're 
pulled into a situation where you need 
to be. Perhaps even from the time of 
birth, in choosing one's parents. It's not 
random; you choose because of the op- 
portunity to learn. You may make mis- 
takes. Everybody has free will, even 
your parents. They may not turn out the 
way you had envisioned, because they 
have the free will to not reach their po- 
tential. In one workshop as we were talk- 
ing about this, a mother in the audience 
said to her daughter, "See, you chose 
me, so stop blaming me!" And the 
daughter turned to her and said, 
"Then I must have been in a hurry." 

I see love or hostility at first sight as 
a kind of recognition of souls, a work- 
ing out of debts and responsibility. Spir- 
it seems thicker than water. That's 
what really pulls us togelher — some- 
times genetically, but sometimes not. 






You may be best friends. You may be 
father and son in one lifetime but lov- 
ers in this lifetime. Switching of sex 
seems frequent. You may have a pref- 
erence, but you've tried out the other 
to see what it's like. That's also true of 
races and religions. 
Omni: How do you explain souls that in 
the next lifetime occupy bodies that are 
biologically damaged? 
Weiss: If it is all to learn — as my pa- 
tients tell me over and over again — to 
grow, to become more and more god- 
like, then whatever the experience, it is 
a learning experience. Sometimes, 
though, it's a teaching experience as 
well, so you may come back into this 
for others, maybe as an act of charity. 
Omni: Why don't we consciously remem- 
ber our past iives? 

Weiss: More and more people are re- 
membering through therapeutic tech- 
niques such as hypnosis, but also 
through dreams, meditation, deja vu, 
and when they're in a place they've nev- 
er been before and they just know 
their way around. I don't know why we 

don't all remember. The Greeks be- 
lieved that when you were born again, 
you drank from the river of Lethe so 
you'd forget previous lives. 
Omni: If we retained knowledge of 
past lives, would it be cheating, like tak- 
ing a test with the book open? Are we 
supposed to learn in each life without 
benefit from our previous lessons? 
Weiss: Yes. Suppose that between life- 
times you say, "Yeah, I've spent ten life- 
times learning about charity. I know all 
about it. I'm a charitable person." Okay, 
now comes the field test. You're born, 
put into a situation. Is charity ingrained 
so deeply that you don't have to act char- 
itably because of a specific memory or 
because it's part of your nature? 
Omni: So you think we're born with cer- 
tain values and ideals? 
Weiss: Yes, it gets ingrained, not at the 
level of the brain, but of the heart, the 
soul. That's where real learning takes 
place so that you're not dependent 
just on what your parents teach you. If 
one's parents were bigots, for [he 
child to overcome that and 
become compassionate, un- 
derstanding, charitable, un- 
bigoted, requires a degree 
of independence that tran- 
scends what we're taught. 
This is the soul memory in ad- 
dition to specific talents, abil- 
ities, or whatever else the 
soul might bring back with it. 
Our real lesson here is to 
learn of love in all its ramifi- 
cations — truth, compassion, 
generosity, mercy. 
Omni: Religions and philos- 
ophies say the goal is perfection, io be- 
come "one with God," the creator or 
higher being. 

Weiss: That's part of it. But it's like ask- 
ing a third grader, "What are you learn- 
ing in arithmetic?" And he says, "I'm 
learning about addition, long division, 
and multiplication tables." He can't 
even comprehend geometry, advanced 
algebra, and calculus. We're limited by 
what we know. I suspect the reward has 
to do with love, with merging with high- 
er consciousness, but it may be so far 
beyond what we can comprehend now; 
it's hard to put into words. You can 
sense it when you're on target. You do 
something compassionate and a tear of 

incarnation. Have you seen that phenom- 
enon in patients? 

Weiss: I haven't found that myself in do- 
ing this work. 

Omni: How can reincarnation be vali- 
dated with data to support the claims 
of past lives? 
Weiss: Dr. Ian Stevenson [chairman 

emeritus of the Department of Psychi- 
atry at the Un varsity o~ Virginia; see Om- 
ni Interview, January 1988] has more 
than 2,000 cases of children from all 
over the world, many of whom exhibit 
xenogiossy, the ability to speak a for- 
eign language to which one has had no 
exposure. Others know details about 
olaass they've never seen. No single in- 
dividual by his or her story is going to 
prove reincarnation, but it's the weight 
of evidence: hundreds of therapists 
with thousands of patients where this 
happens — children, nonbelievers, skep- 
tics, all who come out with these details 
of past lives. 

It's very difficult to prove reincarna- 
tion scientifically because of what we 
consider scentific. Asa osychiatrist, I'm 
vitally interested in my patients' clinical 
improvement. There's no question in my 
mind or those ol the physicians and psy- 
chotherapists who are writing and call- 
ing me that this has a tremendous ther- 
apeutic effect. Past-lives therapy is 
quick, vivid, relatively inexpensive, and 
people get better! Right now I'm accu- 
mulating evidence that this therapy 
works and that people, whether they be- 
lieve in reincarnation or not, can recall 
details they didn't know from the distant 
or recent past. 

Omni: Tell us about your recent project 
with the physics department at New 
York University. 

Weiss: They're bringing from China ex- 
perts at what we'd call healing, what 
they call energy. The physicists are try- 
ing to measure it — eventually to build 
a machine that could mimic the effect 
and induce more rapid healing or cel- 
lular changes. They're studying the ef- 
fects these experts have on viruses or 
bacteria, on people with certain ail- 
ments, and measuring the energy. The 
healers talk about reincarnation. On my 
last trip to New York, I regressed one 
Chinese physician who was more inter- 
ested in that than the physicists' re- 
search. He already knows how that 
works. He was insistent, so I regressed 
him through an interpreter, and two life- 
times came up. 

Omni: We can't see or feel this energy, 
and we can't explain it. 
Weiss: That's why you need a physicist. 
Take a dog whistle: Because we can't 
hear it doesn't mean a sound isn't be- 
ing generated. If 100 years ago I told 
you we'd be able to turn on a box with 
a glass front that captured waves 
plucked out of the air by a metal rod 
on the side of your house and turned 
them into an instantaneous picture 
right in the box, with sound, so that you 
could see in Miami what was going on 
simultaneously in Moscow, you'd say, 
"This guy is out of it! What would you 

call that wave?" And I'd say, "I don't 
know yet, but that doesn't mean it isn't 
real." We just don't have the names for 
these wave/particle phenomena; our 
range is :.oo Ihxed. We'll eventually use 
our minds to become aware of and 
generate these same energies or wave/ 
particle phenomena. 

If I said that you are really a mass of 
electrons, protons, neutrons, and wave/ 
particle reactions, you'd say, "But I'm 
solid." And I'd say, "That's not true, be- 
cause at some deeper level, you're en- 
ergy. And some day if they could har- 
ness that energy, some enterprising 
physicist could probably build a bomb 
out of you. The body Is not what it 
seems, but that is true of all of reality. 
Omni: Will physicists show that sci- 
ence, mysticism, spirituality, religion, 
and parapsychology are linked 
through quantum mechanics? 
Weiss: Physicists are the mystics of the 
Nineties and the next century. They've 
begun to study consciousness, time re- 
versal, all the phenomena previously 
called occult or esoteric. These things 
will be scientifically proven to have 
their roots in nature. Some concepts 
that seem strange to us now won't be 
as we understand more of their under- 
lying physics. 

Omni: How do past-life relationships af- 
fect one's present life? 
Weiss; In every way. Many ol your 
most meaningful relationships are not 
new. Past lives also affect us in symp- 
toms, emotional and physical. Certain 
fears anc anxieties carry over from oth- 
er lifetimes. Physical symptoms, where 
one may have been wounded or hurt 
in a previous life, frequently come up. 
In about a dozen obese patients, I've 
found two patterns that frequently 
emerge: A person once died emaciat- 
ed or there was sexual abuse from a 
past life. A woman decides, "I will nev- 
er be attractive to men again," and 
keeps the weight on in this life as a 
form of protection. 

Omni: Sometimes people who've nev- 
er given reincarnation a thought will, un- 
der hypnosis during therapy, tap into a 
past life. 

Weiss: Yes, and frequently that's how 
therapists, physicians, psychologists, 
and others have themselves acciden- 
tally discovered the field. These mem- 
ories don't seem to come from an al- 
tered stale. Many children, when they 
get a little drowsy a: oectime, when the 
normal filters are relaxed, come out 
with details of another time and place. 
Adults, too, in the hypnagogic state un- 
cover memories. Sometimes a dream 
may yield a memory fragment— and not 
a Freudian distortion or wish, symbol, 
or metaphor. 

Own A 


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A M E rykc A 

Often while reliving a past life under 
hypnosis, pa:ionls nave '.cchnical orde- 
taiied knowledge about something 
they know nothing about in this life. One 
of the best cases is New Jersey physi- 
cian Dr. Bob Jarrnon's first. It was 
when he didn't believe in past lives. A 
Jewish woman in her thirties was see- 
ing him for hypnotherapy for weight 
loss, and she started developing anoth- 
er symptom: Her periods stopped, and 
she developed lower abdominal tender- 
ness. She was becoming more anxious, 
and Jarmon thought she might be preg- 
nant in the Fallopian tube, which can 
be dangerous because it can burst. 
When he referred her to a gynecologist, 
Ihere was no evidence of pregnancy. 

She continued to see Jarmon, and 
they were working on her anxiety when 
he said, "Go back to the time from 
which your symptoms first arose." She 
went back to the Middle Ages and was 
five months pregnant with an ectopic 
pregnancy. In that past life, she was 
Catholic and was with a priest who 
wouldn't allow abortion or surgery, so 
she died. And just before she died, she 
repeated the Catholic act of contrition 
to the priest, word for word. Jarmon is 
Catholic and recognized it. The wom- 
an had never heard of it. 

This happens al! the time. I hear de- 

tails of dress, culture, how to make b. li- 
ter, cheeses, put on roofs, herd goats. 
But again, it's hard to prove. I've found 
talents, too, carried over from a past 
life. I found a young boy who knew the 
spec ficat.ons or Word War II bomb- 
ers — he just knew it, because, he said, 
he flew them when he was big. Children 
often say that — "Don't you remember 
when I was big?" 

Omni: Give us an example of a dramat- 
ic turnaround. 

Weiss: A woman couldn't button the top 
button of her blouse. By recalling a 
past life under hypnosis, she learned 
she'd been guillotined. This had affect- 
ed her present life's relationships, the 
ability to trust. Once she remembered 
the guillotine incident, she was able to 
close the top button right away, and 
that set off a chain reaction. It all be- 
gan to clear up. 

But a past life is not necessary for 
everyone to remember. The subcon- 
scious directs the traffic. If it's import- 
ant and will help you to get rid of a symp- 
tom, of course, remembering is neces- 
sary, but if it's not, you may not remem- 
ber the past life. You may remember 5 
of your 80 or 90 past lives because on- 
ly those relate to what you're working 
on in this life. 
Omni: How does experiencing a past 

life affect a person's brain waves? 
Weiss: In hypnosis, you find relaxed al- 
pha and theta brain rhythms. But in 
past lives, you fine' all difierert brain pat- 
terns — alpha, beta, theta, visual waves — 
because the occipital cortex, controlling 
vision, is stimulated, Using enhanced 
EEG, I've seen a whole smorgasbord of 
brain-wave patterns. 
Omni: What are some misconceptions 
about reincarnation? 
Weiss: Probably the most famous is 
that everyone was Napoleon or Julius 
Caesar. Most of us have beer living pret- 
ty ordinary lives. There have been even 
more misconceptions about hypnosis — 
that it's the only way to have reincar- 
nation memories. Hypnosis is only a 
state of focused concentration. You're 
not sleeping; it's not a dream. Your 
mind is still there; you know where you 
are. You don't get stuck in a past life 
or under hypnosis. You don't have 
heart attacks; you don't actually reex- 
perience the physical pain or disabili- 
ties. You're aware of it but can float 
above it or stop it at any time. 
Omni: Have any patients taken a turn 
for the worse as a result of this therapy? 
Weiss: I still haven't found one. This has 
to do with the wisdom of the subcon- 
scious mind. It will not let something out 
that harms a person. 



Omni: Can we go on to future lives? 
Weiss: People are doing this work, 
such as psyoi-clogisl Clio: Snow, pres- 
ident of the APRT [Association of Past 
Life Research and Therapy] society. I 
haven't found it, probably because I'm 
not looking for it. Mostly I'm doing ther- 
apy, and it seems to have some resi- 
due from the past. In this lifetime, we 
look back. At another level, as physi- 
cists tell us, there is no time. I tried go- 
ing into the future with Catherine right 
off the bat, and she said it wasn't al- 
lowed. You can learn from the past, but 
the future, that's a series of probabili- 
ties. Parallel lives or universes, too, rep- 
resent alternatives. But to me it's like 
climbing a tree: The higher up you get, 
the more committed you are to a par- 
ticular branch. You're not on the other 
branches, but they're still there. 
Omni: When you stumbled upon past- 
life therapy, were you seeking some- 
thing different from life? 
Weiss: I was not. I was chairman of psy- 
chiatry at Mount Sinai, the youngest pro- 
fessor of psychiatry ever at the Univer- 
sity of Miami Medical School. I was pub- 
lishing, getting national recognition in 
my field, earning a lot of money; my fam- 
ily life was going very well. In the Sev- 
enties, my wife and another couple want- 
ed to see a psychic as a lark. I 
wouldn't go, saying, "Why waste your 
money? We can go to a movie, do some- 
thing real." So they didn't go. 

That's how closed I was, just floating 
along, and along comes something to 
turn you upside down. It didn't come 
out of a spiritual crisis but a time of com- 
fort and affluence. The change really 
hinged on my conversation with Cath- 
erine, then subsequent patients during 
the next ten years, my reading, and med- 
itation, too. 

Omni: Why did you decide to go pub- 
lic with Many Lives, Many Masters? 
Weiss: It was a difficult decision, and 
it look four years. Even after I finished 
treating Catherine, the tapes of those 
sessions collected dust in my closet be- 
cause I feared for my reputation. But I 
kept finding people with these experi- 
ences, and tear of death seemed so per- 
vasive, and here I was finding out that 
death is not what it appears. By going 
public. I'd reach more people, so I start- 
ed feeling guilty that I had all this infor- 
mation and wasn't sharing ft. 

Most other doctors arc cuite reluctant 
to go public. Still, I've gotten more 
than 100 Ici'.o.'s from ohysicians around 
the world who've done this work for up 
to 20 years, but in the privacy of their 
offices. They always preface it with, 
"Don't tell anyone, but . . ." Then out 
come these beautiful case histories. My 
youngest brother, an oncologist in St. 

92 OMNI 

Louis, is finding ~-ys?ca expenencss. 
out-of-body experiences, with his dying 
cancer patients. A lot of doctors are hav- 
ing them but are afraid to talk about it. 
Some are in my new book. 
Omni: Tell us about your past lives. 
Weiss: The lirs: time was when I got acu- 
pressure massage for an old neck in- 
jury that was flaring up. I wasn't telling 
a soul about my research. I'd go into 
this very relaxed, almost meditative 
state, and about the fourth session, I 
saw an image of myself. I was taller, 
thin, wearing a multicolored robe, stand- 
ing in a large geometric-shaped build- 
ing. I knew I was a priest — very power- 
ful, with the ear of the royal family. I had 
some psychic abilities and spiritual 
knowledge in that life, too, and was mis- 
using it for persoral ga : n and power. It 
was a very good life [laughter]. Easy, 
but wasted. The word zigguratkept ring- 
ing in my head. I had no conscious mem- 
ory of that word, although that doesn't 
prove I didn't come across it in college 
or something. I looked it up and found 
it's a word for architectural structures, 
temples of the Babylonian era. 

Years later, I had a dream of being 
imprisoned in a European dungeon, my 
arm chained to the wall. I was being tor- 
tured for teaching my religious beliefs, 
which included reincarnation. As I 
died in that dungeon, I became aware 
of a message: "When you had the 
chance to teach, you did not." I knew 
that meant I should have taught about 
love rather ihan reincarnation and get 
killed for it. I went too far. The implica- 
tion was, "Now you can have both." 
Omni: Who are the Masters 9 
Weiss: Catherine described them as 
the source of information coming to her, 
and they would come through her to 
me. She had no memory of them when 
awakened (rom hypnosis, but when in 
between remembering pest lives, she'd 
go into a state where the Masters' spir- 
its would come. The knowledge was un- 
like her; even the phonetics, grammar, 
style were diiferent. Other patients tell 
me things that are coming from a pur- 
er source, not contaminated by our 
brains. The personal information was 
the Masters' way of getting my atten- 
tion. That was the turning point, when 
I started to believe it rather than think 
it was imagination or fantasy. 
Omni: Is past-life therapy the next 
great leap for psychiatry? 
Weiss: Some marvelous breakthroughs 
will come with the biological understand- 
ing oi the brain, with understanding Alz- 
heimer's, other memory disorders, schiz- 
ophrenia, manic-dco'essive illness. Past- 
hie therapy is also extremely important, 
and while it may not be the next great 
leap, it may be the most important. DO 


ity to perform mature re iable UFO re- 
search is how they treat "the smoking 
gun" of Russian UFOIogy, the Pet- 
rozavodsk "jellyfish" UFO of 1977. The 
"jellyfish" was a brief wonder in the 
West before being quickly solved (by 
me) as the launch of a rocket from 
Plesetsk. Western UFOIogists readily 
accepted the explanation, but now it 
turns out that Russian UFO experts nev- 
er did. They have assembled a vast ar- 
ray of miracle stories associated with 
the event, including reports of telepath- 
ic ".esssges and physical damage to 
the earth. 

But all this proves is that ordinary Rus- 
sians love to embellish stories and that 
Russian UFO researchers haven't a 
clue on how to filter out such exagger- 
ations from original perceptions. If 
they cannot do it for such obviously bo- 
gus UFOs as Petrozavodsk, how can 
they be expected to do it for less clear- 
cut ones? 

If the UFO mystery is to be solved, 
there is adequate data from the rest of 
the world outside of Russia. Serious 
UFOIogists will have to quarantine the 
obviously hopelessly infected UFO 
lore from Russia and. disregard it all. 
Some valuable data might be lost, but 
the crippling effect of unconstrained 
c rack oo i lory ■would be avoided. Every 
decade or two, the question can be re- 
considered with a simple test: Do lead- 
ing Russian UFO egists si'l insist on the 
alien nature of the 1967 Grescent 
UFOs and the 1977 "jellyfish" UFO? If 
so, slam the door on them again. 

Yet the temptation may be too great, 
especially for those who are into what 
I call the "fairy tale mode" of modern 
UFO study — those who believe the 
best cases are ones that happened 
long ago and far away, and thus are for- 
ever immune from prosaic solution. Rus- 
sian UFO stories have turned out to be 
exactly those kinds of fairy tales. 

And if the purpose of modern UFOI- 
ogy is only mystery worship and obfus- 
cation, only mind-boggling tall tales and 
mind-stretch ng theorizing, then it will 
continue to feed on the baseless bilge 
coming out of Russia while being insid- 
iously and unavoidably poisoned by it. 
The reality test, then, is not of Russian 
UFOIogy, which has already failed, but 
of non-Russian UFOIogy, where the is- 
sue remains in doubt. DO 

Editor's note: James Oberg, author of 
Red Star in Orbit and many other 
books, is an internationally recognized 
expert on the Soviet space program. 


not new. People do not like to be ridi- 
culed," he says. Then there's the invis- 
ibility issue, "which just seems to be 
part of the phenomenon. Many people 
who you think should have seen these 
things just don't," Hopkins explains. 

But Hopkins can't explain everything. 
For instance, how could "Janet Kimble" 
know that the words Brooklyn Bridge writ- 
ten on the outside of her envelope 
would attract Hopkins' attention unless 
she knew or was related to one of the 
people in the Hopkins support group, 
all of whom had heard about the 
case? The answer, replies Hopkins, is 
ridiculously simple: ''She saw the abduc- 
tion from the Brooklyn Bridge and 
thought that the others who had been 
stalled on the bridge that night might 
have contacted me about it." 

But Butler says the likelier explana- 
tion is that Linda fabricated the whole 
story after reading Nighteyes, 
a science -fiction novel by Gar- 
field Reeves-Stevens pub- 
lished in April of 1989, just 
months before her alleged ab- 
duction. The novel charts the 
abductions of an FBI team 
s-aking out a beach house in 
California while a mother and 
daughter undergo a series of 
abductions in and around 
New York City. It concludes 
with an apocalyptic finale. But- 
ler claims that Linda was 
very intrigued when the 
book was brought up at the Hopkins sup- 
port-group meetings. "I guarantee you 
that's where she got the basis for her 
story," he says. 

Butler admits the book's storyline is 
different from Linda's but says there are 
too many parallels to be coincidence. 
Both Linda and the novel's Sarah were 
abducted into a UFO hovering over a 
high-rise apartment building in New 
York City. Linda was kidnapped and 
thrown into a car by Richard and Dan; 
one of the novel's central characters, 
Wendy, was kidnapped and thrown in- 
to a van by two mystery men. Dan is sup- 
posed to be a security and intelligence 
agent, while one of the book's central 
characters is an FBI agent. Both Dan 
and an agent in the novel were hospi- 
talized for emotional trauma. Both 
Linda and the novel's Wendy were tak- 
en to a "safe house" on the beach. The 
list of such parallels goes on and on. 

"But similarity does not prove relation- 
ship," replies Hopkins. Without an im- 
portant political figure witnessing the ab- 
duction — the very essence of the 

96 OMNI 

"Linda case, he notes — the comparison 
with the book is meaningless. 

Hopkins is not alone. Walt Andrus, in- 
ternational director of the Mutual UFO 
Network (MUFON), is "absolutely con- 
vinced the case is authentic." And 
David Jacobs, a history professor at Tem- 
ple University and another researcher 
on the abduction scene, says the crit- 
ics debunking the case have twisted 
the facts. "Over the past several 
years, I have been a confidant of 
Hopkins' and, at times, ot Linda's. I can 
tell you that when Hopkins' report 
comes out, the inaccuracy of the crit- 
ics will be apparent and the case will 
stand or fall on its own merits." 

For Hansen, of course, those merits 
are slim. And, he says, the hoaxing he 
believes occurred is the least of it. "For 
me," he says, "the worst infraction is the 
reaction of the leadership of UFOIogy. 
I think this has given us great insight 
into the mentality— and the gullibility — 
of Budd Hopkins, Walt Andrus, and 
David Jacobs, the people who really con- 







trol much of what people actually read 
about UFOs." 

Hansen is particularly upset that, giv- 
en charges of kidnapping and attempt- 
ed murder, the leadership did not go 
to the police. "I recognize there is gov- 
ernment cover-up on UFOs," he says, 
"but covering up a so-called attempt- 
ed murder and kidnapping, as these 
guys apparently say they've done — ■ 
that's quite something else," 

Hoping to right the wrong, Hansen 
has, in fact, sent a letter to the inspector- 
general's office, Department of the Treas- 
ury, requesting (hat Linda's claims of kid- 
napping and attempted murder by fed- 
eral agents be invest gated. \n February 
of 1992, the Secret Service contacted 
Linda and she and Hopkins went 
down to their World Trade Center offic- 
es to speak to Special Agent Peggy 
Fleming and her supervisor. Hopkins 
and Linda told Fleming the story and ex- 
plained that they didn't know who Han- 
son was or why he was involved. Linda 
also objected to what she perceived as 
Hansen's insinuation that she was 

agansi the govsT.ment. She was not, 
she said: "I'm a Bush Republican." 

When I called the Secret Service 
about their investigation, I was referred 
to Special Agent James Kaiser, media 
representative in the New York field of- 
fice. After reviewing the file on the 
case, titled "Special Agent Alleged Mis- 
conduct, February 10, 1993," Kaiser 
told me that Linda "was, in fact, inter- 
viewed at our office, and it was deter- 
mined that her allegations regarding 
U.S. Secret Service agents having any 
contact with her whatsoever prior to 
that day were unfounded and baseless. 
It never happened. She may have 
been mistaking us for some other agen- 
cy or organization. Case closed." 

The case is also closed as far as Han- 
sen, Stefula, and Butler are concerned. 
They truly believe that Linda is involved 
in a hoax. "I think she started out with 
a small lie," speculates Hansen, "a tall 
tale that grew in the three years that fol- 
lowed. She's been a typist and tem- 
porary secretary, so she has had ac- 
cess to a lot of different type- 
writers undoubtedly. It would 
not surprise me if there were 
someone else hoaxing Hop- 
kins as well." 

Hopkins flatly rejects the 
hoax scenario. "An efficient 
hoax has a minimum of mov- 
ing parts," he says. "You 
don't want to go into too 
many details, This has more 
moving parls that one could 
possibly imagine." 

As for Linda, when asked 
if she had made up this 
whole scenario, she replied simply, "No. 
How could this be a hoax? There are 
too many people involved. In fact," she 
added, "I take the suggestion as a com- 
pliment. They must think I'm pretty in- 
telligent to pull off such a thing." 

Some details of the case frankly do 
make me suspicious. For one, the draw- 
ings of the abduction that Hopkins re- 
ceived from Richard and the woman on 
the bridge not only look like they might 
have been prepared by the same per- 
son, despite the stylistic and perspec- 
tive differences, which Hopkins has du- 
ly noted, but more importantly, both 
were done in crayons and used the 
same colors, 

What's more, to actually meet Linda 
and hear her talk is to be transported 
to a world where reality is inverted, 
where all we have ever known is 
flipped on its head. Strain your ears, 
and you can almost hear the chords 
from Twilight Zone kick in as the under- 
lying chaos of the universe takes con- 
trol. Fact is, outrageous as I find 
Linda's story, Linda herself seems sin- 

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cere. Her emotions — fright, anxiety, and 
anger— appear genuine. 

I'm not alone in these impressions, 
John Mack, a professor of psychiatry at 
Harvard University Medical School, 
whom Hopkins confided in as the story 
unfolded and who now knows Linda 
well, insists that "there is nothing unau- 
thentic or devious" about her. 

Gibbs Williams, a New York psycho- 
analytic psychctreraoist with a quarter 
century of experience, has tested 
Linda and also dismisses any notion 
that Linda might be hoaxing the whole 
affair. "You would have to have the 
kind of conspiratorial mentality of Rich- 
ard Nixon and be able to think sixty- 
two moves ahead," Williams says. 
"Quite frankly, Linda doesn't appear to 
have that kind of mind; she does not 
have that kind of abstracting capacity." 
He notes further that her emotive capac- 
ity — her anger, crying, and tendency to 
get carried away — is not consistent 
with the psychopathic cool mentality of 
the hoaxer and liar. "My conclusion," he 
says, "is that from her perspective, she 
is telling her truth." 

Perhaps Jerome Clark, vice presi- 
dent of the Center for UFO Studies 
(CUFOS) and editor of the Internation- 
al UFO Reporter, sums up the contro- 
versy best: "This is an absolutely exfaor 
dinary claim, and the evidence that you 
need to marshal to support such a 
claim simply is not there." 

Hopkins promises it will be when his 
book appears. Until then, Linda stands 
alone, ambivalent about her fame. On 
the one hand, she seems to revel in the 
notoriety. She attends national UFO 
meetings obvious y dresseo to impress. 
"To tell you the truth, it wouldn't be 
that bad if I didn't have a family," she 
admits to me. 

Yet she also ieels victimized. "There 
are a lot of Italian Americans and Chi- 
nese in my neighborhood, and many of 
them even laugh at joggers," she 
says. "Imagine if anyone in the area 
heard that I was abducted by aliens." 

"Worst of all," she continues, "those 
critics took away the safety of my fami- 
ly by taking my real name and publish- 
ing it. We are sitting ducks for any crack- 
pot in the UFO community. They know 
where I live. They know what I look like." 
She has already taken her name off her 
intercom system, and she fully expects 
to move when Hopkins' book on the 
case comes out. "I don't know what's 
worse," she says finally, "what Richard 
and Dan did, what these three stooges 
from New Jersey did, or what the ali- 
ens did." Or what Hopkins has done, I 
might add. After all, he promised so 
much and has delivered so little. 

Poor Linda. Dd 



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The clown face overhead suddenly 
straightened to the vertical. Its eyes 
rolled and the mouth opened. "Yum 
Yum Yum!" said a voice over the RA. 
system. "Yum Yum Yum!" 

"Lunchtime," said Beemer. "Want to 
join them?" 

"I've already eaten," said Seeker. 

From the far corners of the grounds, 
people walked toward the house. 
Some had hobbling steps. One 
walked but his arms didn't swing with 
his steps; they remained at his sides. 
There were six or eight women. A mi- 
crocephalic in a spotted blue dress 
with her hair in a bow came up and 
hugged Beemer, then went inside. An 
old man dressed like the Little King in 
a tiny child's pedal car raced up to the 
steps, hopped out and ran through the 
double doors. 

The lone boy stayed out 

"Those that don't want to 
eat don't have to," said 
Beemer. "The cooks leave 
'em sandwiches and stuff. 
Not your pickle loaf or balon- 
ey, either," 

"How do you choose who 
stays here and who 

"I don't. The Little Moron 

"He chooses them?" 

"He'll let me know he 
wants to go somewhere. 
We'll go. One in a thousand 
sometimes. We'll go ten places, noth- 
ing. Eleventh place he gets out of the 
car, walks right up to someone, or they 
come up to him. He breaks out in a big 
smile. That's the one." 

"And you take procedures to get 
them here?" 


"Don't you find that a little . . . 

"Beats me. It's worked every time." 

"All right. You've been here twelve 
years. How many pa — guests have 


"How many escaped?" 


"Can you explain this?" 

"They're happy here. Whey would 
they want to leave?" 

"What kind of therapy do you use?" 

"None whatsoever." 


"Okay," Beemer paused, "hapoy ihe:- 
apy, They get to do pretty much what- 
ever they want to do. If they're happy, 
they're okay." 

100 OMNI 

The man in the Koko suit came by. 
His face was covered with clown 
white. His baggy black suit had big 
white buttons on it, and his pointed hat 
had three white puffs down the front. He 
walked over, picked up Beemer, carried 
him to the stairs and set him down. 
Then he went inside. 

"He wants a step-father," said 


"Elwood Jr. The Little Moron. 

"He doesn't talk," said Beemer. "Most 
of them can't, or won't. Elwood can 
write though; mostly they're little rebus- 
es or riddles that I can make out. Or 
he'll take me and show me. Sometimes 
it's hard. But he doesn't ask for much, 
and not often. I can show you his 
room, if you want me to, while he's eat- 
ing. It'll give you some idea." 

They went upstairs. There was a 
long hall with bedrooms off each side. 
They came to one. Outside was a pile 
of hay. Beemer opened the door. In the 







center of the floor was a carpet with a 
hole cut in it. There was a bed with 
springs stoking out one end; on the 
wall was a calendar with some of the 
numbers missing. On the other side 
above the wash basin was a medicine 
cabinet with a pair of padded slippers 
on the floor in front of them. At an open 
window was a box of clocks, and there 
was another pile of timepieces under 
the desk in the corner. In another cor- 
ner was a refrigerator. Beemer opened 
it. There was no shelves inside. There 
was a second handle so it could be 
opened from the inside. 

"He thinks of me as his father, some- 
times." said Beemer. Seeker didn't 
understand the reference but said 

At the bottom of the refrigerator was 
a sack of fish with their noses cut off. 
On the wall above a chair was a huge 
clock. On the wash basin was a hair- 
brush and a box of candy bullets. 

There were several sheets of paper 
on the desk. One was a picture of an 
elephant with a howdah on it and an ar- 

row pointing toward the bottom and a 
question mark. 

"Oh, that's for me," said Beemer. He 
studied it a moment, then drew a pic- 
ture: the word NO, a comma, an arrow 
pointing toward .the bottom of the 
page, and a waterfowl of some kind. 
"What's that?" asked Seeker. 
"That was an easy one," Willard 
Beemer said. "He wanted to know how 
you got down off an elephant. I said, 
you don't get down off an elephant; you 
get down off a goose." 

Seeker stared at him a moment. 
"You're telling me he thinks on a ter- 
tiary conceptual, level?" 

"No. No. He thinks on a literal level. 
His father, Elwood Sr., never could fig- 
ure out a damn thing he was trying to 
do, because he thought on a tertiary lev- 
el all the time. Me and my father could 
figure out pretty much everything, 
cause we didn't. There are two or 
three of these things I still can't answer, 
"Have you ever had him tested? Or 
any of them?" 

"Tested for whaf? Like I 
said, if Elwood, Jr., wants 
them here, that's good 
enough for me. Come on. 
Let's go outside again. You 
see how he lives here." 

Outside, 'they walked up 
the drive. The kid who had 
been in the wheat (or what- 
ever-it-was) field was gone 
now. The clown head on the 
house was immobile. 

"See, what we got here is 
like people coming to visit 
who never leave. That's the best way I 
can describe it. The help comes here 
and takes care of them and leaves al 
night. Nobody comes to visit, because 
most of them don't have anybody. 
We're not trying to put anything over on 

Then Beemer stopped. "Just remem- 
bered one for Elwood Jr.," he said. He 
took a piece of paper and drew on it: 
?, then a baby, ? NO, then another ba- 
by. He put the paper in a crack in one 
of the wood columns of the portico. The 
clown head above the porch began to 
move. "Ha Ha Ha!" it said, its tinny 
voice echoing over the grounds, "Ha 
Ha Ha!" 

"Playtime," said Beemer. "They'll all 
be coming out again." 

"Mr. Beemer," said Seeker. "I'm not 
going to advise you on how to run your 
business, or to circumvent the laws. But 
you'll have to get at least a private fa- 
cility license. You'll have to get a phy- 
sician or psychiatrist to apply for you. 
I understand your care and concern. 
But suppose somo:h ng happens to you 

gold-yellow ball-jack. His beard and mus- 
tache were clipped and curled. 

He took off his crown. His head was 
bald and red, with only a fringe of hair 
where the crown sat. He handed Dr. 
Seeker a folded piece of paper that had 
been inside. 

Seeker opened it. 

At the top was a slick figure of a man 
with a briefcase in his left hand. 

On the paper, in Elwood Jr.'s draw- 
ing, was the following: ?, then ihe Little 
Moron figure with XX's over the eyes, 
then a duck and a big + and a cow, 
and a test tube over a Bunsen burner. 
Seeker remembered what Beemer had 
said about literal levels. 

How was the Little Moron kilted in a 
eugenics experiment? it was asking. 

Seeker took out his Parker T-Ball Jot- 
ter. He wrote an equals sign, then 
drew a giant firecracker with a sputter- 
ing fuse and a + and a road full of cars 
with speed lines coming from them, and 
an exclamation point.' 

How was the Little Moron killed in a 
eugenics experiment? it asked. 

He was trying to cross a busy high- 
way with a lit stick of dynamite 1 . Seeker 
had answered. 

He refolded the paper and handed 
it back lo the Little King. The tiny old 
man replaced it in his crown, jumped 
back in his pedal car, made a U-turn 
and started back the way he had 
come, causing another gian! screech- 
ing of brakes and cursing sounds. Seek- 
er watched for a moment; a man who 
thought he was a king taking a joke 
back from a man who thought he was 
a doctor to a man who was dead. 
Then he went back inside, lo call Win- 
fred to tell her one of the guests had 
been found, but that he would proba- 
bly be late for dinner. DO 

Page 6: Stan Musilek; page 10: Dar- 
ryl Zudek; page 12: Jim Zuckerman; 
page 16: Edmund Bertschinger and 
James M. Gelb, MIT; page 18: Matt 
Zumbo; page 24: Tass/Sovfoto; 
page 25: Peter Liepke; page 27: Ar- 
nout Hyde for Travel Berkeley 
Springs; page 28: Jay Corbett; 
page 29, bottom left: Tony Stone 
Worldwide/Philip and Karen Smith; 
page 30, top left: Photo Researchers, 
Inc. /Scott Camazine; page 30, bot- 
tom right: The Edgerly Agency/M. 
Bates; page 32, top: Douglas 
Faulkner; page 32, bottom: Photo 
Researchers, I no. /Martin M. Rotker; 
page 60: courtesy of Graphic SHA; 
pages 68-69: painting by Komar 
and Melmamid, courtesy of Ronald 
Feldman Fine Arts, Inc. 



program, nas long argued I he I Soviet 
officials remaineo pub'iciy mum about 
widely reported Russian UFOs in the 
1970s and I98;)s because such reports 
masked military operations conducted 
at the supersecret Plesetsk Cos- 
modrome. "Could a similar scenario oc- 
cur in this country? It's conceivable," con- 
cedes Oberg. "On the other hand, 
should our own government take an in- 
terest in UFO reports, especially those 
that may reflect missile or space tech- 
no'oc/y from the world? Sure. I'd 
be dismayed if we didn't. But doesitlol- 
low that alien-acquired technology re- 
covered at Roswell is driving our own 
space technology program? I don't see 
any outstanding evidence for it." 

Friedman's counterargument is not 
so much a technological as a political 
one. "Governments and nations de- 
mand allegiance in order to survive," he 
says. "They don't want us thinking in 
glooa! icrms, as a citizen of a planet as 
opposed to a particular political entity, 
because that would threaten Iheir very 
existence. The impact on our collective 
social, economic, and religious struc- 
■.u r os ol adrri cling "hat we nave been con- 
tacted by another intelligent life form 
would be enormous if not literally cata- 
strophic to the political powers that be." 

Whatever its reason for holding 
large numbers of documents and an ar- 
ray of information close to the vest, 
there's no doubt that the U.S. govern- 
ment has been less than forthcoming 
on the topic of UFOs. Historically, the 
government's public altitude toward 
UFOs has run the gamut of human emo- 
tions, at times confused and dismiss ve. 
at others deliberately covert and coy. 
On one hand, it claims to have recov- 
ered a flying disc; on the other, a weath- 
er balloon. One night UFOs constitute 
a threat to the national security; the 
nexl they are merely part of a public hys- 
teria cased on religious feelings, fear 
of technology, mass hypnosis, or what- 
ever the preva lirg psychology of the 
era will bear. To sort through Ihe layers 
of confusion spawned by the govern- 
ment's s;ance and to reveal information- 
al chasms, whatever their cause, Omni 
is launching a series of six continuing 
articles. In the following months, we 
will take the long view, scanning 
through history to examine LI Os under 
wraps in the decades following 
Roswell. In the next installment, look for 
our report on official efforts to squelch 
UFO mania and keep tabs on UFO re- 
searches in ihe McCarthy-era land- 
scape of the Fifties. DO 


Research Parameters Expanded 
| Diary Of The WORD | 

Joint S'.veosh / Mexican study has beer 
experimenting since 1975 with arcane 
usage of WORD archived in 946-958AD. 

Claims: Differing vocal manipulations 
in pronunciation of WORD produce, over 
time, certain physical benefits. As well as 
experience of extra-normal phenomena by 
some researchers ■ Present data incom- 
plete • Three separate international study 
groups to now be formed and monitored. 
Initiating Alpha phase to be conducted by 
coiresponcerce • Anonymity essentia!. 
Audio tapes, Video, and Process Literature'tv sitpjslad 'y selected oa-iicipants 
jrdcr stnsl coviol DGncfcis • Some 
arpostics / pkesfcs encoutyet! ••j apply. 
No cr.rvx it.ia sts Dlease • I 'is is two 
yea* rxrrmtmei! lor park' 3s":; chosen. 

Ar core jskvi Projec! 3sy; til travel 
in- lo-girg. \c rcceliiy rc ■ .it saltan. 

We ask you identity yourselves by initials 
only • Please request Applicant Info 

Packet by sending S3.65 to cover ques- 
tionnaire evaluation and application review. 

Ineffable WORD Diary 

A JDSIOI I " Pmjcct 
Box 3166, La Jolla, CA 92038 

-MindGear PRIX 1 " ■CnmptreniC's DAVIS PARADISE™ 


a „d SELF-IMPBOVEMENTtools B v„tobt<>> 


i . ■::■-,.'■< » ;■'■!■ ,■ 

Technology Research, Har 

Square, P.O. Boh 1931, Cambridge, Mfl D2238| 



Clifford Stone, a retired U.S. Army ser- 
geant with an interest in UFOs, has 
been trying to get the military to admit 
that it runs these projects and that it al- 
so recovers downed UFOs. Stone 
claims that the 696th Intelligence 
Group at Andrews Air Force Base, Mary- 
land, makes these retrievals, and he 
has even submitted an FOIA request for 
the group's UFO files. 

Records from Roswell. The Roswel! 
case, in which a UFO is said to have 
crashed near Roswell, New Mexico, in 
July 1947, continues to haunt research- 
ers and to draw numerous FOIA re- 
quests. In one of these, Don Schmitt, a 
researcher from the Center for UFO Stud- 
ies in Illinois and coauthor with Kevin 
Randle of the 1991 book UFO Crash a! 
Roswell, has filed an FOIA request on 
behalf of the family of Mac Brazel, the 
rancher who found the purported UFO 
wreckage. "Specifically, we 
wanted to see the results of 
a medical examination 
allegedly given to Brazel by 
the United States Army after 
he made his discovery," 
Schmitt explains. "The Army 
denied that it had records on 
Brazel of any sort, even 
though Brazel served in the 
Army during WWII." 

Secret Sins. Is there a se- 
crecy oath signed by mili- 
tary personnel involved with 
UFOs? Many UFO investiga- 
tors, including Don Schmitt, claim to 
have active-duty and retired military wit- 
nesses who will talk privately but not 
openly about UFOs and the govern- 
ment for fear of losing pensions. 
Schmitt awaits the results of an FOIA re- 
quest submitted to the Army, Navy, and 
Air Force on whether or not an oath of 
secrecy actually exists. 

X Marks the Spot, Another facet of 
the Roswell case concerns a United 
Press International (UPI) reporter who 
supposedly told Schmitt that in the ear- 
ly 1960s, a public-information officer 
(PIO) at Holloman Air Force Base 
showed him a map of the Roswell 
crash site and even drove him out to 
look at it. Schmitt's FOIA asks for the 
name of the PIO and seeks to learn 
whether he ever worked with a UPI re- 
porter in the early Sixties. 

Name, Rank, and Serial Number, 
Schmitt would also like to obtain the rec- 
ords of and ultimately locate 30 military 
personnel who allegedly worked at 
Roswell Air Force Base in 1947. He sub- 
mitted an FOIA with their names and se- 

rial numbers, asking for access to their 
complete records. The Air Force re- 
sponded that it had no records on 
those individuals. 

Operation Majestic. The MJ-12 docu- 
ments — short for Operation Majestic — 
turned up in microfilm form in the mail- 
box of Jaime Shadera, a UFO investi- 
gator, back in 1984. Although most 
UFO researchers now believe the doc- 
uments are phony, some say they may 
be evidence of a top-secret briefing 
given to president-elect Dwight Eisen- 
hower in November 1952 by Admiral 
Roscoe Hillenkoetter, then-director of 
the CIA. 

After spending considerable time 
and money trying to verify these docu- 
ments, Stanton Friedman put in an FOIA 
request in 1989. He thought he could 
study the authenticity of the controver- 
sial MJ-12 documents by comparing 
them to other CIA briefings of Ike. Fried- 
man learned the times and dates of 
these additional briefings in archival re- 
search and using that specific informa- 







the Center for UFO Studies provides 
three useful tips: 

• UFOIogists believe petitions may be 
screened for buzzwords like UFO, 
which tip officials off to give the request 
prejudicial treatment, so researchers try 
to be creative. "We never refer to 
Roswell by name," says Schmitt, "and 
in the last five years, I have not made 
an FOIA request in which I specifically 
referred to UFOs." 

« Schmitt and other FOIA experts often 
request paragraphs, even sentences, 
not in classified documents just to see 
whether the agency has any information 
on the topic at all. The technique also 
confuses officials, preventing them 
from pigeonholing the request as UFO 
related, thus encouraging them to give 
it a higher priority and push it through. 

• Hoping to stop the government in ef- 
forts to pull the wool over their eyes, 
UFO researchers often request docu- 
ments they know for a fact exist. "We 
often try to trip them up," Schmitt ex- 
plains. "We send in our request; they 

deny it. Then we send cop- 
ies of specific documents 
that refer to the documents 
they claim they don't have." 

tion requested the documents from the 
CIA. Two years later, the CIA respond- 
ed that it could not find any such brief- 
ing documents. Friedman appealed but 
was told he was number 390 on the 
list. He is still waiting for a response. 

FOIA Wannabes. Fred Olsen 111 
would like to submit an FOIA request 
to the Air Force that asks for the gun- 
camera photos of UFOs that former mil- 
itary pilots claim were taken during the 
1940s and 1950s. Don Schmitt would 
like to submit an FOIA request to the 
Air Force on the contents and purpose 
of a mysterious military transport plane 
said to have departed from Roswell 
Air Force Base under tight security 
on July 9, 1947. 

For those sturdy souls who wish to 
buck the tide, it is sometimes possible 
to successfully wield the Freedom of In- 
formation Act to dredge up information 
buried deep. To help the uninitiated 
work the system and uncover as much 
as possible, FOIA pro Don Schmitt of 

The frustrations of filing an 
FOIA being what they are, a 
number of UFO researchers 
have now evolved alternative 
strategies for prying docu- 
ments from government 
vaults, A couple of the most 
prominent efforts are de- 
tailed below. 
Moon Dust II. Cliff Stone's requests 
to the Air Force and Defense Intelli- 
gence Agency for projects Moon Dust 
and Blue Fly information were unsuc- 
cessful, so. he's making similar requests 
through the office of Senator Jeff Binga- 
man of New Mexico who is working 
with the Pentagon's Congressional Li- 
aison Office on this issue. Remember, 
you are part of a constituency; your rep- 
resentative can help. 

Operation Right to Know. In 1992, Op- 
eration Right to Know was formed by 
three Mutual UFO Network members 
who felt political action was the only 
way to wrest secrets from the govern- 
ment. They passed out UFO literature 
on the ellipse behind the White House 
in 1992, picketed in front of the White 
House in 1993, and demonstrated out- 
side the United Nations building in New 
York in November 1993. Operation 
Right to Know now has more than 200 
members, is growing with European 
chapters, and will probably picket for 
access to government UFO information 
in a city near you. DO 



Breaking through walls in the Antimaze and an April Foolery Gallery 

By Scot Morris 

With progress, as new 
things come along, we have 
to tind new words for old 
things. I remember my first 
tape recorder. If I wanted to 
buy that same machine 
today, I'd have to ask the 
salesperson for a reel-to- 
reel tape recorder. The word 
book sufficed for centuries, 
but when paperbacks came 
along, a new word, hard- 
cover book, was bom. 

These words, typically 
adjective-noun combina- 
tions, are called retronyms. 
How many can you find in 
the following story? 

"I drove my car, which 
has a manual transmission, 
down a dirt road and 
listened to a day baseball 
game, played on natural 
turf, on my AM radio. Then 
I tuned in a stage play, 
which had been prerecord- 
ed before a live audience. 

"in the back was my road 
bike, a manual typewriter, 
a rotary phone, a cloth 
diaper, an acoustic guitar, a 
still camera, a straight razor, 
and a fountain pen. Later, 
at a sit-down dinner, I had 
free-range chicken, a 
cheese blintz, and plain yo- 
gurt. I washed it down with 
a draft beer, some fresh- 
squeezed orange juice, 
and a Coca-Cola Classic," 

Better retronyms are 
needed. What do you call a 
nonmicrowave oven? I 
call mine the macrowave. 
Hollerblade is a trade 
name for In-line skates. Now 
we need an updated 
word for traditional skates. 

Can readers come up 
with words for nondigital 
tape cassette, non-flat- 
screen TV, nonelectronic 
mail, and other retronyms? 

112 OMNI 

Center: Answer to the Antimaze. Top: Move 

two matches and leave no triangles. 

Bottom: Place nine digits in the brackets to 

make the equation honest. 

:he solution to Scott Kim's 
Antimaze, which ap- 
peared here last month, is 
above. The path from the 
square to the circle passes 
only through walls and 
never through open spaces. 

Nob Yoshigahara, the 
Japanese puzzle inventor 
and writer, recently showed 
me two new creations. First, 
he arranged nine match- 
SLlcks into three triangles 
(top). "Can you move 
only two matches and leave 
nc Mangles?" he asked. 

Second, he drew a plan 
for three fractions fat 
bottom), each with a one- 

diciit numerator and a two- 
d gi" denominator, which 
all together add up to one. 
The challenge is to place 
the nine digits 1 through 9 
in the only way that makes 
the equation correct. I'll 
answer these two problems 
in June. 

Lei's wrap up this column 
with some puzzles appropri- 
ate to the month. 

1. What runs fore to afi on 
one side of a ship and aft 
to fore on the other side? 

2. If nine thousand nine 
hundred and nine dollars is 
written as $9,909, how 

should twelve thousand 
twelve hundred and twelve 
dollars be written? 

3. In a deck of cards, two of 
the Jacks have two eyes 
and two of the Jacks have 
one eye. How many eyes 
are on the four Jack cards? 

4. You throw away the 
outside and cook the inside. 
Then you eat the outside 
and throw away the inside. 
What did you eat? 

5. Haw can you stand 
behind your father while he 
is standing benind you? 

6. While Kellee was making 
coffee, her earring fell 

into the cup. Even though 
the cup was full of coffee, 
the earring didn't get 
wel. How is th : s possible? 

7. A man is found dead in 
the snow in a remote 
mountain area. There are 
no tracks leading to or from 
his body. He didn't die of 
hunger, ihirst, or cold. The 
coroner ruled that he died 
partly because of the pack 
on his back. What was In it? 

8. Coincidentally, nearby 
was the body of a woman 
who had been killed by the 
pack on her back. The 
coroner determined she had 
been walking alone and that 
no one was near her when 
she died. What happened? 


The story has 23 retronyms. 

1 . The name of the ship. 

2. $1.3,212 

3. Twelve. Each card has 
two Jack faces. 

4. An ear of corn. 

5. Stand back to back. 

6. The cup had dry instant 
coffee in it. 

7 An unopened parachute. 
8. She was killed by a pack 
of solves. DO